Fracture Fixation and Implants

Authors: Peter J Welsh, Devin J Thompson, Yi Chen, Lloyd V Smith, Adam M Nylund

Objective: To determine whether one larger or two smaller diameter pins used for tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture (TTAF) stabilization provides greater axial tensile strength and stiffness when subjected to monotonic mechanical load to failure in normal skeletally mature canine cadavers.

Study design: Paired ex vivo biomechanical study.

Sample population: Eleven pairs of adult cadaveric dog tibias.

Authors: Emma Deards, Anita Economou, Pablo Menendez

Fragmented medial coronoid process is common in dogs, but has only been described in the cat once historically.

Authors: Katherine M Neal, Hayley M Gallaher, Alexis Thompson, Mary D Kerby

Objectives: (1) To evaluate the accuracy of an aiming device on placement of humeral transcondylar screws compared to fluoroscopic methods. (2) To compare experience level on outcome.

Study design: Randomized, match pair, prospective ex-vivo study.

Sample population: A total of 68 dogs.

Authors: Lindsay A Parker, Alex D Bukoski, Cristopher Zelaya-Nunez, John R Dodam, Kelley M Varner, Bryan T Torres

Objective: To report the locoregional anesthesia and analgesia preferences of veterinary anesthesiologists for use in dogs undergoing a TPLO and determine any association with specialty college, time from board-certification, or employment sector.

Study design: Cross sectional study.

Sample population: Diplomates of the American (ACVAA) and European (ECVAA) Colleges of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia.

Authors: Barbro Filliquist et al.

Objective: Determine whether dogs with well-functioning orthopedic metal implants can develop metal reactivity.

Sample: Client-owned dogs that had tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) or total hip replacement (THR) implants for 12 months or more and control dogs with no implants.

Authors: Stavros Karydas, Alan Danielski

A seven-month-old male Shetland Sheepdog was presented for assessment of thoracic limb lameness of 3 weeks duration.

Authors: Cambrie L Dalton, Stanley E Kim, Adam H Biedrzycki, Kaitlyn M Mullen

Objective: To describe and evaluate minimally invasive repair of acetabular fractures in dogs using plates contoured to 3D-printed hemipelvic models.

Study design: Ex vivo feasibility study and case report.

Sample population: Adult canine cadavers (n = 5); 8 year old male neutered Chihuahua.

Authors: Tyler J Hawbecker, Daniel J Duffy, Yi-Jen Chang, George E Moore

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Kirschner wire insertion angle on the biomechanical characteristics following tibial tuberosity osteotomy fixation in dogs.

Authors: Haley Mascellino, Karl Maritato, Matthew Barnhart, Philip Kass

Objective: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the use, complications and outcomes of the Liberty Lock System (LLS) used to repair fractures in dogs and cats.

Methods: Medical records (October 2016-June 2019) of dog and cat fractures repaired with the LLS were reviewed. Data reviewed included signalment, fracture classification, complications and radiographic outcome.

Authors: Maider Murugarren, Francesco Piana, Stephen Kalff, Miguel Solano

Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the use, complications and perioperative outcome of locking compression plates (LCP) for acetabular fracture fixation in feline patients.