This is the first report documenting the presence of HIF in a Shetland sheepdog.
A HIF may be a predisposing factor of HCF in French bulldogs.
The guidelines determined from this study may aid clinicians in the placement of humeral transcondylar screws in cats.
In conclusion, use of this commercially available standard 3.5-mm titanium interlocking nail is feasible.
All dogs exhibited ipsilateral muscle atrophy and progressive osteoarthritis.