Imaging

Authors: Madison P Shubert et al.

Objective: To compare osteoarthritis scores assigned through radiographic evaluation of 18 anatomic regions in the elbow joint with scores assigned through evaluation of 3-D maximum intensity projection (MIP), 3-D surface rendering (TSR), and multiplanar reconstructed (MPR) CT images, and to evaluate intraobserver and interobserver agreement of radiographic and CT scoring.

Sample: Radiographic and CT images of 39 elbow joints in 20 dogs.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: D Gander Soares, M J Allen, N J Burton

Objectives: To estimate, using CT imaging, differences in the regional bone density of the humeral condyle in Labrador retriever elbows with and without medial coronoid process disease.

Category: Humerus - Imaging
Authors: William J. Humphreys, Katie Wilder, Rob Pettitt, Eithne J. Comerford, and Thomas W. Maddox

OBJECTIVE To compare the attenuation of the medial coronoid process (MCP) in dogs with and without arthroscopically confirmed evidence of medial coronoid disease (MCD).

Category: Imaging
Authors: Akari Sasaki, Yuki Hidaka, Manabu Mochizuki, Muneki Honnami

Trochleoplasty is often performed in dogs with medial patellar luxation (MPL); however, the current guidelines on when to perform a trochleoplasty in dogs are vague. The sulcus angle (SA) is used to assess the femoral trochlear morphology in humans.

The aim of this study is to describe a method to measure the SA and other parameters of trochlea morphology in dogs using computed tomography.

Authors: Johanna S Evers, Stanley E Kim, Matthew D Johnson, Matthew A Lazarus

Objective: To determine the accuracy of needle arthroscopy (NA) for the diagnosis of medial meniscal tears in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).

Study design: Prospective clinical trial.

Animals: Twenty-six client-owned dogs.

Authors: Lena-Charlott Cieciora, Oliver Harms, Fritjof Freise, Hermann Seifert, Michael Fehr

Objective: To illustrate the arterial vascularity of the proximal tibia three-dimensionally and to evaluate the impact of fragment rotation on the cranial tibial artery by tibia plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO).

Authors: Gareth M C Jones, Andrew A Pitsillides, Richard L Meeson

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common orthopedic condition in dogs, characterized as the chronic, painful end-point of a synovial joint with limited therapeutic options other than palliative pain control or surgical salvage.

Since the 1970s, radiography has been the standard-of-care for the imaging diagnosis of OA, despite its known limitations. As newer technologies have been developed, the limits of detection have lowered, allowing for the identification of earlier stages of OA.

Category: Arthritis - Imaging
Authors: Stephanie Mella, Helen Dirrig, Richard L Meeson

Objective: French Bulldogs are predisposed to humeral condylar fractures. Computed tomography (CT) in English Springer Spaniel elbows has allowed identification of humeral intracondylar fissures (HIF), which can cause lameness and predispose to condylar fractures. This study aimed to evaluate CT characteristics of non-lame French Bulldog elbows, to determine the presence of underlying elbow disease.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Daniele Serrani, Sara Sassaroli, Francesco Gallorini, Alberto Salvaggio, Adolfo Maria Tambella, Ilaria Biagioli, Angela Palumbo Piccionello

Medial compartment disease is a common occurrence in dogs affected by elbow dysplasia. Despite many treatments suggested in the literature, only few studies reported comparative outcomes in the short and long term. The aim of this study is to report and compare short- and long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of dogs treated for medial compartment disease (MCD) by distal dynamic ulnar ostectomy (DUO), bi-oblique dynamic proximal ulnar osteotomy (BODPUO) and conservative management (CM).

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Yuma Tomo et al.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the degree of bone deformities and hindlimb postural abnormalities in a standing position in awake Toy poodles with and without grade 2 medial patellar luxation (MPL) using high speed 320-row computed tomography (CT).

Category: Deformity - Imaging