The findings provide valuable insights for veterinarians, aiding informed decisions in veterinary orthopedic practices.
The findings offer valuable insights for modified treatment approaches in managing fractures in toy breed dogs.
On follow-up examination 16 weeks after operatively, the lameness and elbow pain were resolved.
Complications are fairly common after PAUL, particularly in heavier dogs.
CT cannot be used to plan conforming arthroplasties in small joints and could lack precision when used to plan the correction of a limb deformity or repair of a fracture.
The structural properties of the proximal radius of the Saint Bernard differ from those in other giant breeds.
The free-form multiplanar type II ESF provides an alternative for minimally invasive fixation of distal RUF in miniature- and toy-breed dogs.