Equine

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of infection and associated risk factors, after elective arthroscopy.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case study.

ANIMALS: Horses (n=1079) undergoing elective arthroscopy.

BACKGROUND: Osteochondral fragmentation of the dorsoproximal margin of the proximal phalanx is commonly recognised in racing Thoroughbreds. Frequency distribution has been documented in racing Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses in the USA and in European Warmbloods but no data have been published from the UK. Concurrent intra-articular soft tissue lesions and radiographic accuracy of fragment distribution in racing Thoroughbreds have not previously been reported.

OBJECTIVE: To report the evaluation, surgical planning, and outcome for correction of a complex limb deformity in the tibia of a donkey using computed tomographic (CT) imaging and a 3D bone model.

Category: Deformity - Equine - Imaging

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of microscopic subchondral bone injury in the distal metacarpi/tarsi of Thoroughbred racehorses and associations with recent and cumulative training history.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of arthroscopic lavage and repeated intra-articular administration of antibiotic in adult horses and foals with septic arthritis.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: Adult horses and foals with septic arthritis (n = 62).

OBJECTIVE: To compare heat generation and mechanical bone damage for tapered and cylindrical transfixation pins during drilling, tapping, and pin insertion in equine third metacarpal bones. SAMPLE 16 pairs of cadaveric equine third metacarpal bones.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical signs, surgical treatment, and outcome of septic arthritis of the coxofemoral joint in foals.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Foals (n = 12) with confirmed sepsis of the coxofemoral joint.

Category: Equine - Osteoarthritis

BACKGROUND: Fractures of the medial intercondylar eminence of the tibia (MICET) are scarcely reported in horses.

OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical and diagnostic findings, surgical treatment and outcome in a series of horses presented with MICET fracture and treated with arthroscopic fragment removal.

STUDY DESIGN: Multi-centre retrospective case series.

METHODS: Case records of horses diagnosed with MICET fractures that had undergone surgical treatment were reviewed. Follow-up information was obtained from re-examination visits and/or owners.

BACKGROUND: There is limited information available concerning normal equine meniscal morphology, its degeneration and role in osteoarthritis (OA).

OBJECTIVES: To characterise normal equine meniscal morphology and lesions and to explore the relationship between equine meniscal degeneration and femorotibial OA.

STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo cadaveric study.

Category: Equine - Osteoarthritis

OBJECTIVES: To compare accuracy of the ultrasound-guided craniodorsal (CrD) approach with the dorsal (D) approach to the cervical articular process joints, and to evaluate the effect of the transducer, needle gauge, and operator experience.