Business of Orthopedics

Authors: Eirini Pappa, Thomas W Maddox, Edward Crystal, Eithne J Comerford, Andrew W Tomlinson

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of client recollection of their dogs' preconsultation status using clinical metrology instruments such as the Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs (LOAD) and Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI) questionnaires in dogs presenting to a referral orthopaedic clinic.

Authors: Evangelia Maniaki, Jo Murrell, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Emily J Blackwell

Objectives: The aim of this blinded, nested case-control study was to compare cats with and without early owner-reported mobility changes using subjective and objective outcome measures (owner-completed questionnaires, orthopaedic examination).

Authors: Kenneth A. Johnson

Historically, veterinarians working in general practice were frequently exposed to the risk of personal injury inflicted upon them by the animals under their care. Such injuries ranged from penetrating, blunt or crushing trauma from a large animal through to bite wounds and scratches from small animals. Fortunately, with the evolution of better protocols for restraint, sedation and anaesthesia, the risk of such injuries has been reduced considerably.

Authors: Alicia N. Oberhaus, Michael S. McFadden

Objective To determine if triclosan-impregnated suture decreases surgical site infection rates after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs.

Sample population There were 116 dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament disease presenting for treatment with TPLO.

Authors: Jessica J Hayward, Rory J Todhunter

Orthopedic diseases are complex traits, meaning genetics and environmental factors affect risk, making identification of genetic associations difficult.

In the United States, hip and elbow scores, patellar luxation scores, Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, and shoulder osteochondrosis affectedness are available in the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals registry. Distraction indices and extended, ventrodorsal hip conformation scores are recorded by PennHIP.

Authors: Jessica J Smith, Po-Yen Chou, Barbro Filliquist, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Amy S Kapatkin

Objective: To report the outcome of locally administered antibiotic-impregnated poloxamer 407 (P407) hydrogel in dogs diagnosed with orthopedic surgical site infections (SSIs) and to identify risk factors for treatment failure.

Animals: 34 client-owned dogs diagnosed with an orthopedic surgical site infection treated with local antibiotic-impregnated P407 hydrogel.

Authors: Ridge Maxson, Christopher R Leland, Edward G McFarland, Jim Lu, Prashant Meshram, Vanya C Jones

Purpose: Dog walking is a popular daily activity, yet information regarding its injury burden is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of injuries related to leash-dependent dog walking among adults presenting to United States (US) emergency departments from 2001 to 2020.

Authors: M W McMillan

Objective: To assess deviation from a standardised structure of surgical time-out procedures in a multidisciplinary referral hospital.

Authors: Kaori Murata et al.

In humans, tear volume increases during emotional arousal. To our knowledge, no previous studies have investigated the relationship between emotional arousal and tear volume in animals.

Authors: Heidi Radke, Tracy Y Zhu, Christian Knoll, Matthew J Allen, Alexander Joeris

Objective: To report veterinarians' familiarity with and perceptions of owner/observer-reported outcome measures (OROMs) and their applications in routine clinical practice.

Study design: Cross-sectional online survey.

Animals or sample population: A total of 441 veterinarians with a caseload of companion animal orthopedic patients.