Authors: Neil J Burton

Objective: To summarize the current peer-reviewed publications on minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) in dogs.

Study design: Invited review.

Methods: Pubmed, CAB Abstracts and Scopus databases were utilized for literature review (1990-2023).

Category: Elbow
Authors: C L Gordon, C Thomson, Nsl Webster

Congenital luxation of the ulnar and radius is a rare orthopaedic condition in the dog.

This case report describes a novel surgical treatment for congenital elbow luxation in a medium-breed dog. A 6-week-old Kelpie presented for left forelimb lameness and deformity. Radiographs and computed tomography (CT) confirmed the diagnosis of unilateral ulnar and radius luxation. The surgical repair involved open reduction followed by fixation with an extraarticular pin and a transarticular external fixator.

Authors: Maxime Jacqmin, Véronique Livet, Juliette Sonet, Mathieu Harel, Eric Viguier, Pierre Henri Moissonnier, Thibaut Cachon

Objective: The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of medial coronoid process disease in unclear cases.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Tom Ichinohe, Yukihiro Fujita

A 10-week-old Yorkshire terrier had lameness of the right forelimb with complete lateral radioulnar luxation at the humerus, consistent with Type III congenital elbow luxation; this is rarely treated in the presence of multiple skeletal deformities. Lateral subluxation of the radial head at the left elbow was diagnosed as Type I congenital elbow luxation. Procurvatum, distal valgus, and external torsion were present in both antebrachiae.

Authors: Madison P Shubert et al.

Objective: To compare osteoarthritis scores assigned through radiographic evaluation of 18 anatomic regions in the elbow joint with scores assigned through evaluation of 3-D maximum intensity projection (MIP), 3-D surface rendering (TSR), and multiplanar reconstructed (MPR) CT images, and to evaluate intraobserver and interobserver agreement of radiographic and CT scoring.

Sample: Radiographic and CT images of 39 elbow joints in 20 dogs.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: P Garnier, A Decambron, M Manassero, V Viateau

Case history: Dogs (n = 6) suffering from elbow-associated lameness for a median of 3.5 (min 2, max 12) months duration requiring arthroscopic exploration according to imaging results were prospectively included in this study.

Clinical findings: Dogs that met the inclusion criteria were of various breeds with a median body weight of 18 (min 13.2, max 34.5) kg and median age at presentation of 11 (min 6, max 96) months.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: Stephanie Mella, Helen Dirrig, Richard L Meeson

Objective: French Bulldogs are predisposed to humeral condylar fractures. Computed tomography (CT) in English Springer Spaniel elbows has allowed identification of humeral intracondylar fissures (HIF), which can cause lameness and predispose to condylar fractures. This study aimed to evaluate CT characteristics of non-lame French Bulldog elbows, to determine the presence of underlying elbow disease.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Daniele Serrani, Sara Sassaroli, Francesco Gallorini, Alberto Salvaggio, Adolfo Maria Tambella, Ilaria Biagioli, Angela Palumbo Piccionello

Medial compartment disease is a common occurrence in dogs affected by elbow dysplasia. Despite many treatments suggested in the literature, only few studies reported comparative outcomes in the short and long term. The aim of this study is to report and compare short- and long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of dogs treated for medial compartment disease (MCD) by distal dynamic ulnar ostectomy (DUO), bi-oblique dynamic proximal ulnar osteotomy (BODPUO) and conservative management (CM).

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Alan Danielski, Russell Yeadon

Objective: To report arthroscopic findings in dogs with humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) and compare these findings in joints of dogs not affected by HIF on preoperative CT images.

Study design: Controlled clinical study.

Animals: Dogs with HIF (14 dogs, 21 elbows) and dogs without HIF (20 dogs, 31 elbows).

Category: Elbow - Imaging