Knee

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and accuracy of lateral pin placement for the use of a Leipzig stifle distractor (LSD) and to assess improvements in visualization and treatment of the lateral meniscus in the canine stifle.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of stainless steel staples with absorbable staples for closure of skin incisions in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned dogs (n = 80).

Category: Knee

BACKGROUND: Patella alta is the proximal displacement of the patella within the femoral trochlea. Previous studies have identified an association between patella alta and patella luxation. Distalisation of the tibial tuberosity has been recommended to establish proximodistal alignment of the stifle extensor mechanism with the underlying femur in dogs affected by patella alta. However, a recent canine ex vivo study found stifle extensor mechanism load increased significantly following tibial tuberosity distalisation.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVES: To compare the short-term complications of unilateral versus single-session bilateral medial patellar luxation surgery in small dogs.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To identify possible biomechanical causes for the predominantly unilateral presentation of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) insufficiency by comparing the computed tomographic (CT) features of the tibial plateau of CCL affected and contralateral sound stifles in dogs with unilateral CCL insufficiency.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a 7-day course of postoperative antibiotherapy (cefpodoxime) on surgical site infections (SSI) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that restrict proximal tibial rotation during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and report on the outcome of concurrent fibular osteotomy (TPLO-FO).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To describe articular cartilage (AC) lesions associated with complete lateral meniscal tears in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational series.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of methods of joint inspection during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) on radiographic appearance of the patellar tendon.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.

ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (191) treated with TPLO (199).

Category: Imaging - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique and report the short-term results after removal of tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) cages in dogs with surgical site infections (SSI).

Category: Knee - Rehabilitation