Knee

OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique and normal findings for arthroscopy of the stifle in rabbits.

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver study.

ANIMALS: Twenty cadaveric stifles from New Zealand White rabbits were examined.

METHODS: The arthroscope was placed through a medial portal, and instrument portals were created on the lateral aspect of the joint. The same portals were used for examination of the entire joint and palpation of structures with a probe.

Category: Imaging - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to control intraoperative hemorrhage during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and report subsequent short-term and long-term complications.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Nine dogs with arterial hemorrhage during TPLO.

BACKGROUND: Complete rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) in dogs causes profound disturbance to stifle joint biomechanics. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency on patellofemoral (PF) kinematics in dogs during walking. Ten client-owned dogs (20-40 kg) with natural unilateral complete CrCL rupture were included. Dogs underwent computed tomographic scans to create digital bone-models of the patella and femur.

OBJECTIVE: To describe and report the outcomes of a novel modified Maquet-tibial tuberosity advancement (mTTA) technique in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture, compared to a traditional tibial tuberosity advancement (tTTA) technique.

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive report and retrospective clinical cohort study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs (n = 70) treated via tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA).

OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for tibial damage associated with the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-four stifles from 147 client-owned dogs.

Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture is often bilateral and asymmetrical, ranging from partial to complete rupture. The purpose of our diagnostic accuracy study was to assess the accuracy of 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of fiber loss and use of a visual analog scale in the diagnosis of complete versus partial cranial cruciate ligament rupture in 28 clinical dogs with unilateral complete rupture and contralateral partial rupture.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the arthroscopic appearance of intra-articular structures mid-term (9 months) and long-term (>12 months) after CORA-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Case series.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 41) with second-look arthroscopy of the stifle after CBLO for treatment of a cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency. Both stifles were re-evaluated (stifles n = 42) in 1 dog.

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to quantify numbers of elastic fibres in cranial cruciate ligaments from a dog breed at high risk of cranial cruciate ligament disease.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence, size, location and appearance of mineralisations in feline stifle joints, and to evaluate their relationship with osteoarthritis and cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) status.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the intra- and inter-observer measurement variability of an existing osteoarthritis (OA) stifle scoring system.

METHODS: Paired caudocranial and mediolateral canine stifle radiographs were selected randomly. A total of 15 assessment points were evaluated independently and graded twice (integer numeric scale: 1-4) at an interval of 2 weeks by three observers with different levels of experience. The grades for each of the 15 factors were summed to obtain the OA score for each patient.