Tibia

Authors: Alec H Sherman, Karl H Kraus, Danielle Watt, Lingnan Yuan, Jonathan P Mochel

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of linear external skeletal fixation (ESF) applied using minimally invasive techniques in dogs and cats.

Study design: Retrospective study.

Animals: Forty-nine dogs and 6 cats.

Authors: Noortje Visser, Elisa Rezaie, Alexandra Ducharme, Alexander Y Shin, Allen T Bishop

Cryopreserved bone allografts(CBA) are susceptible to infection, nonunion, and late stress fracture. Although surgical revascularization by intramedullary implantation of an arteriovenous bundle (AV bundle) generates a neoangiogenic blood supply, there is potential for vascular ingrowth-mediated bone resorption to weaken the graft.

Category: Biomechanics - Tibia
Authors: Georg Michael Mund, Thomas Bitterli, Thomas Christian Häußler, Martin Gerwing, Christian Feichtenschlager

Objective: Our objectives were to report complications associated with stabilization of long-bone fractures in cats using a 3.5-mm titanium interlocking nail and to examine the influences of signalment, fracture type and fixation evaluations on the occurrence of complications.

Study design: Retrospective clinical study.

Authors: Federico Longo, Tommaso Nicetto, Sebastian Christoph Knell, Richard B Evans, Maurizio Isola, Antonio Pozzi

Objectives: To describe a computed tomographic (CT) methodology for planning the correction of femoral and tibial torsion and report the clinical outcomes after femoral (FDO) and tibial (TDO) detorsional osteotomy in dogs affected by torsion malalignment and patellar luxation (PL).

Study design: Multicenter retrospective study.

Animals: Eighteen client-owned dogs.

Authors: Aparna Arun, Stephanie J Park, Philippa R Pavia, Sarah R Kalafut, Erik Hofmeister

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors contributing to the need for non-elective explant following surgical repair of tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures.

Authors: Carly Sullivan, Joshua Zuckerman, Daniel James, Karl Maritato, Emily Morrison, Riccarda Schuenemann, Ron Ben-Amotz

The purpose of this study was to report approaches to surgical and medical management of proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures (PTMF) and short-term case outcome.

Authors: W Tyler Clough, David L Dycus, Matthew D Barnhart, Don A Hulse, Alan S Litsky

Objective: To describe the technique of combined center of rotation of angulation (CORA)-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO) with tibial tuberosity transposition (TTT) and to compare the load to failure between CBLO combined with TTT and CBLO or TTT alone.

Study design: Ex vivo study.

Sample population: Twelve pairs of cadaveric pelvic limbs.

Authors: Lindsay C Peterson, Stanley E Kim, Adam H Biedrzycki

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel crescent-shaped tibial plateau-leveling osteotomy (TPLO) saw guide (crescent guide) to assist with saw control in novice participants.

Study design: Ex vivo study.

Sample population: Synthetic bones (n = 54) and medium sized dog pelvic limbs (n = 36).

Authors: J Winter, R L Meeson, P Egan, S Langley-Hobbs, A Belch

Objectives: To describe the occurrence, management and outcome of proximal metaphyseal curvilinear tibial fractures in skeletally immature dogs.

Authors: Navid Ziran, Colin P McCarty, Nathan C Ho, Neda F Gilmartin, Edward Ebramzadeh, Sang-Hyun Park, Sophia N Sangiorgio

Numerous animal and human studies have demonstrated the benefit of controlled interfragmentary motion on fracture healing. In this study, we quantified interfragmentary motion and load transfer in tibial fractures fixed using a novel intramedullary nail (IMN) that allows controlled axial motion.