Hip

Authors: Masakazu Shimada, Nichika Mizokam, Tom Ichinohe, Nobuo Kanno, Shuji Suzuki, Takuya Yogo, Yasuji Harada, Yasushi Hara

The object of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of hind limb weight-bearing function and progression of stifle osteoarthritis (OA) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

Groups were classified by the degree of cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) damage and presence or absence of medial meniscus damage as macroscopically evaluated during surgery. Weight-bearing function was assessed via the peak vertical force (PVF), and OA progression was assessed via the radiographic OA score (OAS) preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months postoperatively.

Category: Hip - Osteoarthritis
Authors: Isobel C Monotti, Christopher A Preston, Scott W Kidd

Objective: The aim of this study was to report outcomes in dogs with periprosthetic femoral fractures associated with a press-fit cementless femoral total hip replacement implant.

Authors: Piana F, Solano M, Kalff S, Yeadon R

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document application of locking plates for stabilization of acetabular fractures along with complications and clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that complications and clinical outcomes would be comparable to historical reports using non-locking plate and screw constructs.

Authors: Jenkins PL, James DR, White JD, Black AP, Fearnside SM, Marchevsky AM, Miller AJ, Cashmore RG

OBJECTIVE: To assess the medium- to long-term radiographically confirmed outcomes in juvenile dogs with hip dysplasia (HD) that did and did not undergo double pelvic osteotomy (DPO).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-controlled.

Authors: Trostel CT, Fox DB

Coxofemoral luxation is the most common type of joint luxation observed clinically in dogs.

This retrospective study determines the complications and outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation of coxofemoral luxations using a toggle rod stabilization in 58 dogs. The purpose of the study was to compare the results with previous studies to ascertain commonalities and differences.

Authors: Mitchell MM, Hudson CC, Beale BS

OBJECTIVE: To compare femoral stem subsidence and determine contributing factors in dogs undergoing total hip replacement (THR) with the traditional BFX, collared BFX, and BFX lateral bolt stems.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiographic study.

Category: Hip
Authors: Jones SC, Bula E, Dyce J.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of dogs treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) for chronic hip luxation and pseudoacetabulum formation to that of dogs with simple hip dysplasia and secondary osteoarthritis.

Category: Hip
Authors: Castelli E, Schmierer PA, Pozzi A.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of a custom acetabular prosthesis (CAP) for total hip replacement (THR) in a dog 20 months after femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHNO).

Category: Hip
Authors: Kawarai Y, Orita S, Nakamura J, Miyamoto S, Suzuki M, Inage K, Hagiwara S, Suzuki T, Nakajima T, Akazawa T, Ohtori S.

We investigated the efficacy of duloxetine on hyperalgesia, histopathological and radiographic findings, pain-related sensory innervation of dorsal-root ganglia (DRG), and spinal changes in a rat model of induced hip osteoarthritis (OA).

Category: Hip - Pain Management
Authors: Ulfelder EH, Hudson CC, Beale BS

OBJECTIVE: To compare distraction index (DI) with hip arthroscopy findings in juvenile dogs with hip dysplasia undergoing unilateral or bilateral double pelvic osteotomy (DPO).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Twenty dogs (36 hip joints).

Category: Arthroscopy - Hip