Surgical technique

OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis and surgical management of congenital laxity of the fibularis tendon resulting in hyperextension of the tarsus in calves.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series.

ANIMALS: Fourteen calves (3 unilateral, 11 bilateral) diagnosed with congenital tarsal instability caused by laxity of the fibularis musculotendinous unit resulting in hyperextension of the tarsus.

Authors: R. B. Modesto, K. A. Mansmann, T. P. Schaer
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology (VCOT)

Objectives: Preclinical studies using large animal models play an intergral part in translational research. For this study, our objectives were: to develop and validate arthroscopic approaches to four compartments of the stifle joint as determined via the gross and arthroscopic anatomy of the cranial and caudal aspects of the joint. Methods: Cadaveric hindlimbs (n = 39) were harvested from mature ewes. The anatomy was examined by tissue dissection (n = 6), transverse sections (n = 4), and computed tomography (n = 4). The joint was arthroscopically explored in 25 hindlimbs.

Authors: Elizabeth J. Barrett and Dwayne H. Rodgerson
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

Objective To describe an ultrasound assisted arthroscopic approach for removal of non-articular basilar sesamoid fragments in Thoroughbred yearlings. Animals Thoroughbred yearlings (n = 7). Methods Basilar sesamoid fragments identified during pre-sale radiographic examination were removed using a palmar/plantar arthroscopic approach to the fetlock joint and ultrasonographic guidance. Complete fragment removal was confirmed by ultrasonography and radiography.

Authors: Elizabeth J. Barrett, Amelia S. Munsterman, R. Reid Hanson and Robert L. Jackson
Journal: Veterinary Surgery


To compare in vitro strength and failure characteristics of a tendon implant against a 3 loop pulley suture pattern for equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) laceration repair.
Study Design

Study Population

Cadaveric equine forelimb SDFT (n = 16).

Authors: Martin Blaser, Alberto Bertagnoli, Marta Räber, Karl Nuss, Mehdi Rasekh, Adrian Steiner
Journal: Veterinary Journal

The objective of the present study was to describe the arthroscopic anatomy of the bovine fetlock joint using one palmar/plantar and three dorsal joint approaches. A comparative anatomic, ultrasonographic and arthroscopic study using 20 cadaveric feet from 13 non-lame adult dairy cows was performed.

Authors: K. Taguchi and K. Hyakutake
Journal: Veterinary Record

Six cases of rostral mandibular fracture with considerable displacement were treated successfully by external coaptation. Four cases were simple and two were compound fractures. After xylazine sedation and manual reduction of the fractures, the casting tape was laminated to make a rigid splint below the mandibles and then the splint was secured using the casting tape passing the nasal bridge and cranial and/or caudal to the ears as it encircled the head. During application of the tape, a PVC pipe 25 mm in diameter was held in its jaws to keep the mouth open so that the calf could suckle.

Authors: M. M. Ali, M. Abd-Elnaeim
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology


Authors: L. M. Benneker, A. Gisep, J. Krebs, A. Boger, P. F. Heini, V. Boner
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Introduction: Several studies have described ‘open’ approach techniques for cementation of sheep and goat vertebrae; however, no percutaneous technique has been developed so far for use in non-primates. The aim of this study was to develop an animal model for percutaneous vertebroplasty under clinical conditions. Methods: In a pilot study with dissected cadaveric ovine vertebrae, the technique and instruments as well as the optimal needle position were determined.

Authors: Rebecca L. Pentecost DVM*, Andrew J. Niehaus DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS, Elizabeth Santschi DVM, Diplomate ACVS
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

To describe a cranial arthroscopic approach to the stifle of South American camelids and to report our clinical experience with camelid stifle arthroscopy.
Study Design
Experimental study and retrospective case series.
(1) Cadaveric alpaca hindlimbs (n = 18; 9 alpacas); (2) 1 alpaca and 1 llama

Authors: S. DYSON, R. MURRAY
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: Neurectomy of the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve and plantar fasciotomy have become accepted as methods of treatment of proximal suspensory desmopathy (PSD), but there are limited long-term studies documenting the outcome.

Objectives: To describe long-term follow-up in horses with PSD alone or with other injuries contributing to lameness and poor performance, including complications, following neurectomy and fasciotomy.