Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: A Jury

Objectives: (1) To report the clinical features of luxation of the superficial digital flexor tendon in dogs and (2) to report the outcome and complications of a novel surgical technique where postoperative immobilisation was not used.

Authors: Dirsko J F von Pfeil, Ezra J Steinberg, David Dycus

Case description: A 7.5-year-old 37.8-kg (83.2-lb) sexually intact male German Shepherd Dog (dog 1) and a 2.6-year-old 28.2-kg (62.0-lb) sexually intact male Dutch Shepherd (dog 2), both apprehension police dogs, were admitted for evaluation of left and right thoracic limb lameness, respectively.

Authors: C Iván Serra, Paula Navarro, Ricardo Guillem, Carme Soler

Many surgical techniques have been described in the literature to repair chronic tendon or ligament ruptures.

Although direct approximation of the edges is the surgical technique of choice, the use of synthetic, fascia lata, semitendinosus muscle, and small intestinal submucosa grafts has been described to repair large defects or augment tenous repairs.

Authors: Alex Terreros, R Mark Daye

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe short- and mid-term outcomes, complications, implant bioabsorption and owner satisfaction for a modified Maquet procedure (MMP) in which a novel bioabsorbable citrate-based implant is used as the wedge component to treat cranial cruciate ligament rupture in client-owned dogs.

Authors: Kimberly A Agnello, Kei Hayashi, Dorothy Cimino Brown

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate frequency, location and severity of cartilage pathology in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease.

Authors: Rebecca L Laube, Kyle K Kerstetter

Objective: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence and risk factors of bilateral meniscal tears during a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO).

Authors: Guidong Shi, Yicun Wang, Zhanwen Wang, Andrew R Thoreson, Daniel S Jacobson, Peter C Amadio, Atta Behfar, Steven L Moran, Chunfeng Zhao

Reducing tendon failure after repair remains a challenge due to its poor intrinsic healing ability. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a novel tissue-engineered purified exosome product (PEP) patch on tendon healing in a canine ex vivo model.

Authors: Cristina Bernardi-Villavicencio, Antonio Nicolas Jimenez-Socorro, Concepcion Rojo-Salvador, Javier Robles-Sanmartin, Jesus Rodriguez-Quiros
Authors: Adam C Eby, Daniel J Duffy, Yi-Jen Chang, Lewis Gaffney, Matthew B Fisher, George E Moore

Objective: To determine the influence of barbed epitendinous sutures (ES) on the biomechanical properties and gap formation of repaired canine tendons.

Study design: Ex vivo, experimental study.

Sample population: Eighty (n = 16/group) canine superficial digital flexor tendons (SDFT).

Authors: Daniel J Duffy, Yi-Jen Chang, Matthew B Fisher, George E Moore

Objective: To determine the effect of partial vs complete circumferential epitendinous suture (ES) placement in addition to a core suture on the biomechanical strength and gapping characteristics of repaired canine tendinous constructs.

Study design: Ex vivo, biomechanical study.

Sample population: Thirty-six canine superficial digital flexor tendons.