Tendon and Ligament Injuries

A 4 mo old German shepherd dog was presented following an acute onset lameness and swelling of the thoracic limb.

OBJECTIVE: To quantitate the iatrogenic injury associated with deep plantar metatarsal fasciotomy performed with Metzenbaum scissors compared with a Y-shaped fasciotome.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo surgical study.

STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric hind limbs (n = 20) from 10 sound thoroughbred racehorses.

OBJECTIVE: To identify possible biomechanical causes for the predominantly unilateral presentation of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) insufficiency by comparing the computed tomographic (CT) features of the tibial plateau of CCL affected and contralateral sound stifles in dogs with unilateral CCL insufficiency.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

OBJECTIVE: To describe articular cartilage (AC) lesions associated with complete lateral meniscal tears in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational series.

OBJECTIVE To determine which method (lateral fabellotibial suture [LFS], tibial plateau leveling osteotomy [TPLO], tibial tuberosity advancement [TTA], or tightrope-like braided multifilament suture secured with metallic buttons [TR]) Veterinary Orthopedic Society (VOS) members preferred for treating cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) in dogs weighing > 15 kg (33 lb), identify factors associated with this preference, and assess concerns related to surgical implant material used.

OBJECTIVE: To describe normal antebrachiocarpal joint kinematic motion during axial loading and to describe the effect of palmar radiocarpal ligament (PRL) and palmar ulnocarpal ligament (PUL) transection on this motion.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Ten forelimbs from 5 adult greyhound cadavers.

BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is the most frequent orthopedic disorder in human and animals. An array of surgical techniques have been described to stabilize the stifle joint in dogs, including intraarticular stabilization, extraarticular stabilization, and tibial osteotomy techniques. Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy and tibial tuberosity advancement with a lot of modifications are the most common.

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACLR) is a debilitating and potentially life-changing condition in humans, as there is a high prevalence of early-onset osteoarthritis after injury. Identification of high-risk individuals before they become patients is important, as post-treatment lifetime burden of ACLR in the USA ranges from $7.6 to $17.7 billion annually. ACLR is a complex disease with multiple risk factors including genetic predisposition.

Dogs are commonly affected with cruciate ligament rupture (CR) and associated osteoarthritis (OA), and frequently develop a second contralateral CR. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a component of whole blood that contains numerous growth factors, which in combination with a collagen scaffold may act to promote bioenhanced primary repair of ligament.