Animal sentience refers to the capacity of animals to feel both positive and negative emotions including that of pain. As veterinary health professionals, we have a medical and ethical duty to mitigate suffering from pain to the best of our ability. In 2014, the first Global Pain Council World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Guidelines for the Recognition, Assessment and Treatment of Pain was published and remains to this day one of the most relevant and widespread documents of its kind.
Introduction: The sesamoid disease is a cause of lameness in dogs, and there is limited literature relating to diagnosis, treatment and outcome of treatment in dogs with the sesamoid disease. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of intra-articular metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joint injection with methylprednisolone and bupivacaine (IMPB) or conservative management with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories and rest (CMNR) for treatment of this disease.
Effects of perioperative saphenous and sciatic nerve blocks, lumbosacral epidural or morphine-lidocaine-ketamine infusion on postoperative pain and sedation in dogs undergoing TPLO
Objective: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia and sedation after preoperative saphenous and sciatic nerve blockade, preoperative lumbosacral epidural injection and perioperative intravenous (IV) morphine, lidocaine and ketamine infusions in dogs undergoing stifle arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) under general anesthesia.
Study design: Prospective, blinded, randomized, clinical comparison study.
Objective: To determine the effect of extracorporeal shock wave (ESWT) on liposomal bupivacaine in a tibial-plateau-leveling osteotomy model.
Study design: In vitro study.
Sample population: Ten samples per group.
Randomized controlled trial of pregabalin for analgesia after surgical treatment of intervertebral disc disease in dogs
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of perioperative pregabalin on pain behavior in dogs after intervertebral disc surgery.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial with a blinded observer.
Comparison of liposomal bupivacaine and 0.5% bupivacaine hydrochloride for control of postoperative pain in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy
OBJECTIVE: To compare liposome-encapsulated bupivacaine (LEB) and (nonliposomal) 0.5% bupivacaine hydrochloride (0.5BH) for control of postoperative pain in dogs undergoing tibial plateau
Analgesic effect of duloxetine on an animal model of monosodium iodoacetate-induced hip osteoarthritis
We investigated the efficacy of duloxetine on hyperalgesia, histopathological and radiographic findings, pain-related sensory innervation of dorsal-root ganglia (DRG), and spinal changes in a rat model of induced hip osteoarthritis (OA).
Bone substitutes are frequently used in clinical practice but often exhibit limited osteoinductivity. We hypothesized that unfocused shockwaves enhance the osteoinductivity of bone substitutes and improve osteointegration and angiogenesis.
Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Carprofen Is Enhanced by Avocado/Soybean Unsaponifiables, Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate Combination in Chondrocyte Microcarrier Spinner Culture
Objective: Osteoarthritis is a painful, chronic joint disease affecting man and animals with no known curative therapies. Palliative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used but they cause adverse side effects prompting the search for safer alternatives. To address this need, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU), glucosamine (GLU), and chondroitin sulfate (CS) with or without the NSAID carprofen.
Vitacoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, is approved for the relief of pain and inflammation associated with orthopedic surgery and osteoarthritis in dogs.
In the current study, a chronic toxicity research was performed to evaluate the safety of vitacoxib in male and female rats for long-term.