Arthroscopy

Authors: Plesman R, Gilbert P, Campbell J.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To evaluate and compare detection of meniscal tears associated with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency by either arthroscopy or arthrotomy.Methods: A retrospective, cohort study was completed with stifles (n = 531) of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Either a medial parapatellar arthrotomy or an arthroscopy procedure was performed and groups were compared for significant differences in meniscal tears detected using logistic regression analysis.Results: Arthroscopy was performed on 58.8% and arthrotomy on 41.2% of the stifles.

Authors: Van Vynckt D, Verhoeven G, Saunders J, Polis I, Samoy Y, Verschooten F, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: Assessment of the effect of intra-articular anaesthesia on lameness caused by medial coronoid disease. Methods: This study included 90 dogs that were evaluated for the complaint of unilateral forelimb lameness. All dogs were suspected of having an elbow problem for which orthopaedic examination and radiographs showed inconclusive findings. Following a short sedation, mepivacaine was injected intra-articularly to determine whether lameness was caused by a suspected elbow problem. This effect was compared with the final diagnosis based on computed tomography and arthroscopy.

Authors: Gurney MA, Rysnik M, Comerford EJ, Cripps PJ, Iff I.
Journal: JSAP

OBJECTIVES:
To compare intra-articular morphine or bupivacaine against no treatment following unilateral elbow joint arthroscopy using force plate analysis and pain scoring.
METHODS:

Authors: Samoy Y, Gielen I, Van Caelenberg A, van Bree H, Duchateau L, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with a fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these with normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Client-owned dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (n = 5; controls).
METHODS:
The CT features of 32 severely incongruent joints with concomitant FCP were compared with those of 32 congruent elbow joints affected with FCP and 10 normal joints.
RESULTS:

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Van Ryssen B, de Bakker E, Beaumlin Y, Samoy YC, Van Vynckt D, Gielen I, Ducatelle R, van Bree H.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To describe the radiographic, ultrasonographic, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopic findings in eight dogs with elbow lameness caused by primary flexor enthesopathy. Study design: Clinical study. Animals: Eight client-owned dogs. Methods: In all dogs, lameness was localized to the elbow by clinical examination. Radiographic examination, ultrasound, CT and MRI were performed prior to arthroscopy. In seven dogs, surgical treatment and subsequent histopathology were performed.

Authors: Wahl K, Adams SB, Moore GE.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To assess fetlock joint contamination with tissue debris and hair after arthrocentesis.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
ANIMALS:
Fetlock joint tissues (n = 10 horses).
METHODS:

Authors: Samoy Y, Van Vynckt D, Gielen I, van Bree H, Duchateau L, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report arthroscopic findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these findings in normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (5; controls).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Authors: Kalff S, Meachem S, Preston C.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine the incidence of medial meniscal tears in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease treated with arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Canine Stifles (n = 357) with naturally occurring CCL disease.
METHODS:

Authors: Burton NJ, Owen MR, Kirk LS, Toscano MJ, Colborne GR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To investigate, using objective gait analysis, the long-term outcome of dogs with medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) treated with conservative management (CM) versus arthroscopic treatment (AT).
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 20) with unilaterally confirmed MCPD.
METHODS:

Authors: Brunnberg MM, Engelke E, Gielen IM, van Bree HJ, Hoffmann JE, Brunnberg L, Waibl HR.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate cartilage thickness of the talus (especially at sites predisposed to osteochondrosis dissecans [OCD]) in growing and adult dogs not affected with OCD. Sample-Tarsocrural joints from cadavers of 34 juvenile (approx 3 months old) and 10 adult dogs. Procedures-Tarsal cartilage thickness was examined via a stereophotography microscopic system. Articular cartilage thickness was determined at 11 locations on longitudinal slices of the trochlear ridges and the sulcus between the ridges and at 2 locations in the cochlea tibiae.