Computed tomography findings in 32 joints affected with severe elbow incongruity and fragmented medial coronoid process.

Authors: 
Samoy Y, Gielen I, Van Caelenberg A, van Bree H, Duchateau L, Van Ryssen B.
Volume: 
41
Number: 
4
Pages: 
486-94
Journal: 
Vet Surg
Date: 
2012 May

OBJECTIVE:
To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with a fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these with normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Client-owned dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (n = 5; controls).
METHODS:
The CT features of 32 severely incongruent joints with concomitant FCP were compared with those of 32 congruent elbow joints affected with FCP and 10 normal joints.
RESULTS:
In severely incongruent elbow joints, a radioulnar step and widened joint spaces were visible on each CT plane. Additional features typically seen in severely incongruent elbows were a cyst at the radioulnar transition and fragmentation of the axial border of the medial coronoid incisure. None of these features appeared in normal or in congruent FCP joints.
CONCLUSION:
On CT, several features associated with severe elbow incongruity and concomitant FCP were detected, which were not found in normal joints or congruent joints affected by FCP.