This study evaluated adaptations in vertical force and temporal gait parameters to hind limb lameness in walking and trotting dogs. Eight clinically normal adult Beagles were allowed to ambulate on an instrumented treadmill at their preferred speed while the ground reaction forces were recorded for all limbs before and after a moderate, reversible, hind limb lameness was induced. At both gaits, vertical force was decreased in the ipsilateral and increased in the contralateral hind limb.
Objective-To characterize injuries (on the basis of type and severity of injury and affected region of the body) among dogs participating in agility training and competition events and examine associations between injury characteristics and perceived causes of injury. Design-Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. Animals-3,801 privately owned dogs participating in agility training or trials.
Objective-To identify potential risk factors for agility-related injuries among dogs. Design-Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. Animals-3,801 privately owned dogs participating in agility training or trials. Procedures-A retrospective electronic survey was used to investigate potential risk factors for injury among dogs participating in agility-related activities. Respondents were handlers recruited through member lists of large canine agility associations in Canada and the United Kingdom and through promotion on an agility blog site.
Objective-To characterize biomechanical differences in gait between dogs with and without an amputated thoracic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (16 thoracic-limb amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Amputees had significant increases in stance duration and vertical impulse in all limbs, compared with values for control dogs.
Objective-To evaluate biomechanical gait adaptations in dogs after amputation of a pelvic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (12 pelvic limb-amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Pelvic limb amputees had increased peak braking forces in the contralateral thoracic limb and increased propulsive forces and impulses in both the ipsilateral thoracic limb and remaining pelvic limb.
Objective-To develop an in vivo CT method to measure inclination angles and motion of the sacroiliac joints in dogs of performance breeds. Animals-10 German Shepherd Dogs and 12 Greyhounds without signs of lumbosacral region pain or neurologic problems. Procedures-CT of the ilium and sacrum was performed in flexed, neutral, and extended hind limb positions. Lines were drawn on volume-rendered images acquired in the flexed and extended positions to measure motion of the ilia relative to the sacra.
A two-year-old female neutered Whippet was referred for evaluation of progressive right pelvic limb lameness. Clinical examination revealed a fibrous band palpable along the cranial aspect of the quadriceps muscle group, and signs of discomfort on extension of the right hip. Computed tomography and ultrasonographic examination revealed mineralization of the tensor fascia lata muscle with enthesophytosis of its origin. Surgical exploration confirmed a fibrous band affecting the cranial border of the tensor fascia lata muscle.
Computed tomography (CT) is an established technique for detecting shoulder lesions in dogs, however the clinical significance of shoulder CT lesions often remains uncertain. The purposes of this retrospective study were to describe the prevalence of CT lesions in both shoulder joints for 89 dogs presenting with thoracic limb lameness and to compare CT lesions with clinical characteristics. For all included dogs, results of a full orthopedic examination, other diagnostic tests, and signalment data were available in medical records.
No abstract available
To report clinical findings and outcome in a dog with gastrocnemius tendon strain treated with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and a custom orthosis.
A 4-year-old spayed female Border Collie.
Bone-marrow derived, autologous mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted into the tendon core lesion. A custom, progressive, dynamic orthosis was fit to the tarsus. Serial orthopedic examinations and ultrasonography as well as long-term force-plate gait analysis were utilized for follow up.