Elbow

Authors: Samoy Y, Van Vynckt D, Gielen I, van Bree H, Duchateau L, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report arthroscopic findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these findings in normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (5; controls).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Authors: Grierson J.
Journal: J fel

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: Cats commonly present with joint disease and trauma. A methodical approach to diagnostics and treatment can aid the clinician in the management of these cases. CLINICAL CHALLENGES: Cats with joint disease may present with a vague history owing to their independent nature, and gait assessment is often challenging when compared with the dog. Knowledge of feline-specific anatomy is important to avoid over- or misinterpretation of physical examination or imaging findings.

Category: Elbow - Hip - Knee
Authors: Lavrijsen IC, Heuven HC, Voorhout G, Meij BP, Theyse LF, Leegwater PA, Hazewinkel HA.
Journal: Vet J

Canine elbow dysplasia encompasses four developmental diseases: ununited anconeal process, osteochondrosis of the medial part of the humeral condyle, fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP), and incongruity of the elbow joint. Four radiographic views per joint were used to evaluate 2693 Labrador Retrievers (LRs), 1213 Golden Retrievers (GRs), and 974 Bernese Mountain Dogs (BMDs) for the presence of elbow dysplasia between 2002 and 2009 in the Netherlands. The views were also graded for signs of osteoarthritis and sclerosis.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Linear-circular external skeletal fixation of intra-condylar humeral fractures with supracondylar comminution in four cats.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: Intra-condylar humeral fracture with supracondylar comminution in cats is rare, and the stabilisation for such fractures is challenging. The purpose of our study was to describe the use of a hybrid external skeletal fixator, and to report the complications and outcomes of this surgical technique.

Authors: Farrell M, Trevail T, Marshall W, Yeadon R, Carmichael S.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report the computed tomographic (CT) documentation of humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) developing after complete ossification of the humeral condyle (HC).
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Male 3 year old working (English) Cocker Spaniel.
METHODS:
Sequential CT screening (659-day interval between analyses).
RESULTS:
A sagittal hypodense fissure typical of incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) was identified ∼22 months after screening CT examination documented a normal elbow joint.
CONCLUSION:

Authors: Proks P, Necas A, Stehlik L, Srnec R, Griffon DJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To quantify humeroulnar incongruity on elbow radiographs in Labrador Retrievers with or without medial coronoid disease (MCD).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective study of 92 elbows.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Radiographic projections of elbow joints from Labrador Retrievers with MCD (n = 42 elbows; 26 dogs) and without MCD (n = 50 elbows; 25 dogs).
PROCEDURE:

Authors: Burton NJ, Owen MR, Kirk LS, Toscano MJ, Colborne GR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To investigate, using objective gait analysis, the long-term outcome of dogs with medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) treated with conservative management (CM) versus arthroscopic treatment (AT).
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 20) with unilaterally confirmed MCPD.
METHODS:

Authors: Barbara Bockstahler
Journal: Vet J

No Abstract Available

Category: Elbow
Authors: Helia Zamprogno a, Jon Hash a, Don A. Hulse b, B. Duncan X. Lascelles a
Journal: Vet J

The objective of this study was to develop a surgical technique for sensory denervation of the canine elbow joint and to assess the effects of denervation on limb function in normal dogs. Twenty cadavers (40 elbows) were used to characterize innervation and design the surgical protocol which was tested in 13 cadavers (26 normal elbows). The effect of denervation on limb function was assessed in vivo in four dogs with the elbow randomly selected for the procedure.

Authors: Kranz ST, Lesser AS.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVE:
To assess movement of ulnar segments radiographically, following proximal and midshaft ulnar osteotomy or ostectomy after arthroscopic treatment for dogs diagnosed with medial coronoid disease.
METHODS:
Fragmentation and cartilage wear were treated arthroscopically and the presence of incongruity confirmed. Osteotomies were performed at the mid-point or proximal third of the length of the ulna. The distance of separation between the ulnar segments and the adjacent radius were measured and followed by serial radiographs postoperatively until healing had occurred.
RESULTS:

Category: Deformity - Elbow