To compare biomechanical properties of a humeral condylar fracture model stabilized either with a 4.0-mm short-threaded cancellous screw (CCS) or with a 4.0-mm short-threaded cannulated screw (CNS).
In vitro biomechanical study.
Bilateral cadaveric canine humeri (n = 20).
Biomechanical Comparison of 4.0-mm Short-Threaded Cannulated Screws and 4.0-mm Short-Threaded Cancellous Screws in a Canine Humeral Condylar Fracture Model.
Journal: Vet Surg
Journal: Vet Surg
To determine if normograde and retrograde pinning of the distal humeral fragment, performed to maximize pin purchase in this fragment, would damage vital structures in and around the elbow and shoulder joints in cats.
Cadaveric cats (n = 12; 24 thoracic limbs).
Objective: Assessment of the effect of intra-articular anaesthesia on lameness caused by medial coronoid disease. Methods: This study included 90 dogs that were evaluated for the complaint of unilateral forelimb lameness. All dogs were suspected of having an elbow problem for which orthopaedic examination and radiographs showed inconclusive findings. Following a short sedation, mepivacaine was injected intra-articularly to determine whether lameness was caused by a suspected elbow problem. This effect was compared with the final diagnosis based on computed tomography and arthroscopy.
Intra-articular morphine, bupivacaine or no treatment for postoperative analgesia following unilateral elbow joint arthroscopy.
To compare intra-articular morphine or bupivacaine against no treatment following unilateral elbow joint arthroscopy using force plate analysis and pain scoring.
Radiographic features of presumed congenital subluxation of the radial head in three Newfoundland littermates.
Primary flexor enthesopathy of the canine elbow: imaging and arthroscopic findings in eight dogs with discrete radiographic changes.
Objective: To describe the radiographic, ultrasonographic, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopic findings in eight dogs with elbow lameness caused by primary flexor enthesopathy. Study design: Clinical study. Animals: Eight client-owned dogs. Methods: In all dogs, lameness was localized to the elbow by clinical examination. Radiographic examination, ultrasound, CT and MRI were performed prior to arthroscopy. In seven dogs, surgical treatment and subsequent histopathology were performed.
Prevalence of incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle and other abnormalities of the elbow in English Springer Spaniels.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) and other osseous abnormalities of the elbow in English Springer Spaniels with no history of lameness. Methods: Prospective observational study of English Springer Spaniels with no recent history of lameness. Computed tomography scans of both elbows were obtained from dogs older than six months of age which were anaesthetized or sedated for reasons unrelated to this study. Computed tomography scans were reviewed for the presence of IOHC and other abnormalities of the elbow.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound
Elbow incongruity is an important factor regarding the treatment and prognosis of elbow dysplasia. Our purpose was to determine the sensitivity and specificity for radiographic detection of elbow incongruity in clinical patients, to establish inter- and intraobserver variation for different parameters, and to evaluate the possibility of radiographic grading of incongruity. Standard radiographic projections were acquired from 29 incongruent and nine congruent elbows of dogs of various ages and breeds. Computed tomography (CT) was used to diagnose and grade the incongruity.
Computed tomography findings in 32 joints affected with severe elbow incongruity and fragmented medial coronoid process.
Journal: Vet Surg
To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with a fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these with normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
Client-owned dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (n = 5; controls).
The CT features of 32 severely incongruent joints with concomitant FCP were compared with those of 32 congruent elbow joints affected with FCP and 10 normal joints.
Computerized measurements of radiographic anatomical parameters of the elbow joint in Bernese Mountain Dogs.