October 2022

Cementless femoral stems with a transfixation pin offer a level of stability comparable to that of cemented stems.
Safe corridors for pin placement differed from those in canine limbs.
A HIF may be a predisposing factor of HCF in French bulldogs.
The guidelines determined from this study may aid clinicians in the placement of humeral transcondylar screws in cats.
In conclusion, use of this commercially available standard 3.5-mm titanium interlocking nail is feasible.