Tendon and Ligament Injuries

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors related to meniscal pathology and their effect on clinical outcome in dogs treated for cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 163) with CCL disease (n = 223 stifles).

OBJECTIVE: To describe veterinarians' treatment recommendations and decision-making factors for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD).

OBJECTIVE: To biomechanically compare different loop and crimp configurations used for extracapsular suture stabilization of the CCL-deficient stifle.

STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Crimped loop constructs of 100 lb Ande type nylon leader line in 7 different configurations comprising single and double loops, single and double crimps, and the interlocking loop configuration.

Authors: Solano MA, Danielski A, Kovach K, Fitzpatrick N, Farrell M.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of locking plate and screw implants on postoperative infection rate in dogs >50 kg undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS: Dogs >50 kg (n = 208) that had TPLO.

Authors: Addison ES, Emmerson TD, de la Puerta B, Groth A, Black T, Smith BA, Burton NJ, Toscano MJ, Wallace AM.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To (1) investigate the use of K-wires as alignment aids for cranial closing wedgeostectomy (CCWO) and (2) evaluate their effect on osteotomy accuracy and angular/rotational alignment.
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study.
ANIMALS: Cadaveric pelvic limbs (n = 20).

Authors: Haynes KH1, Biskup J, Freeman A, Conzemius MG.
Journal: Vet Surg



To evaluate the relationship between tibial plateau angle (TPA) and strain in the intact cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) during axial loading.


Ex vivo mechanical testing study.


Cadaveric canine stifles (n = 6).

Authors: Garnett SD1, Daye RM.
Journal: J Am Anim Hosp Assoc

The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term complications associated with the tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) procedure in dogs of small and medium sizes. These study findings could then be compared with similar studies in dogs of all sizes. Ninety-eight procedures (82 dogs) using 2 or 2.7 mm TPLO plates were included spanning a 6 yr period with a minimum of an 8 wk follow-up period. The overall complication rate was 36%.

Authors: Bielecki MJ1, Schwandt CS, Scharvogel S.
Journal: VCOT


The main objectives were to evaluate the impact of femorotibial subluxation on the preoperative measurements for tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) by defining radiographic landmarks and testing the repeatability for assessing cranial tibial subluxation (CTS). Also, we aimed at developing a formula to calculate the necessary adjustment in measurement of TTA in stifles with CTS.


Authors: Duerr FM1, Martin KW, Rishniw M, Palmer RH, Selmic LE.
Journal: VCOT


To describe veterinarians' treatment recommendations and decision-making factors for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD).


Authors: Perry BS1, Harper TA, Mitchell MA, McFadden MS, Heggem Perry B.
Journal: VCOT


To compare the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and load to 1 and 3 mm gap formation of smooth (3-metric) and knotless barbed (4-metric) polypropylene sutures placed in a three-loop pulley pattern for canine gastrocnemius tendon repair.


In vitro.


Thirty-three paired bone-tendon units with one of each pair assigned to each suture type. Barbed suture size was based on previously published materials testing results.