Sport Medicine

Authors: Moreau M, Lussier B, Doucet M, Vincent G, Martel-Pelletier J, Pelletier JP
Journal: Vet Rec

To evaluate the effect of licofelone, an arachidonic acid substrate with combined inhibitory activity against 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenases 1 and 2, a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled study was conducted in 33 client-owned dogs that were lame owing to hindlimb osteoarthritis. Seventeen of the dogs received a placebo and 16 were treated with 2.5 mg/kg licofelone twice a day for 28 days.

Authors: Mueller M, Bockstahler B, Skalicky M, Mlacnik E, Lorinson D.
Journal: Vet Rec

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of extracorporeal radial shock wave therapy on the hindlimb function of dogs suffering from hip osteoarthritis. Twenty-four client-owned dogs with hip osteoarthritis were investigated; 18 of them received radial shockwave therapy and six were left untreated as controls.

Authors: Leblanc CJ, Horohov DW, Bauer JE, Hosgood G, Mauldin GE.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the effect of diets enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on in vivo production of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), and platelet-activating factor (PAF) in dogs. Animals-15 young healthy dogs. Procedures-Dogs were randomly allocated to receive an isocaloric ration supplemented with sunflower oil (n = 5), fish oil (5), or fish oil plus vitamin E (5) for 12 weeks.

Authors: Borer LR, Voss K, Montavon PM.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To investigate a technique for repair of sacroiliac luxation with positional screw insertion from the ventral surface of the sacral wing via a ventral abdominal approach. Sample Population-Hemipelvis specimens from cadavers of 5 small- to large-breed dogs and 9 European shorthair cats. Procedures-An optimal entry point and a safe drill corridor for implant placement were determined (4 hemipelvis specimens). Anatomic landmarks were identified, and the surgical technique for a ventral abdominal approach was described.

Authors: Bongartz A, Carofiglio F, Piaia T, Balligand M.
Journal: JSAP

Traumatic partial elbow luxation (unilateral medial humeroulnar) was diagnosed in a 2.5-year-old crossbreed dog. Previous reports of traumatic elbow luxation in the dog described lateral and less frequently medial humeroradioulnar luxations. The treatment consisted of closed reduction of the affected joint under general anaesthesia. The functional outcome was excellent.

Authors: Cabrera SY, Owen TJ, Mueller MG, Kass PH.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To compare tibial plateau angle (TPA) in dogs with unilateral versus bilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture, to compare right versus left TPA in dogs with bilateral CCL rupture, and to determine whether TPA can be used to predict whether a dog with unilateral CCL rupture would subsequently rupture the contralateral CCL. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-150 dogs with unilateral (n = 58) or bilateral (92) CCL rupture. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed and TPA was recorded.

Authors: Mostafa AA, Griffon DJ, Thomas MW, Constable PD.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of proximodistal alignment of the patella to patellar luxation, and to evaluate the structures contributing to proximodistal alignment of the patella relative to the femoral trochlea. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using a convenience sample. ANIMALS: Medium to giant breed dogs (n=106). METHODS: Medical records and stifle radiographs of 106 dogs were reviewed.

Authors: Waxman AS, Robinson DA, Evans RB, Hulse DA, Innes JF, Conzemius MG.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between previously used subjective and objective measures of limb function in normal dogs that had an induced lameness. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, and induced animal model trial. ANIMALS: Normal, adult, and mixed-breed dogs (n=24) weighing 25-35 kg. METHODS: Force platform gait analysis was collected in all dogs before and after induction of lameness.

Authors: Andrews CM, Liska WD, Roberts DJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To report the frequency of sciatic neurapraxia (SN) associated with total hip replacement (THR), to determine outcome (recovery rate) after SN associated with THR, and to identify potential causes of THR-associated SN in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Dogs (n=786; 1000 hips) that had THR.

Authors: Stuart Carmichael
Journal: EJCAP

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an insidiously progressive disease producing pain and loss of function in affected joints. The suffering and restrictions on exercise that the active disease produces, make a profound impact on the quality of life of the patient. Fortunately, although the disease is widespread, estimated to affect one in five of all dogs, it is not always associated with debilitating disease [1]. Indeed it has been speculated that only animals with moderate to severe OA pathology are identified and presented as clinical problems [2].