OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine of dogs with spinal deformities with three-dimensionally (3D) printed patient-specific drill guides.
Accuracy of placement of pedicle screws in the thoracolumbar spine of dogs with spinal deformities with three‐dimensionally printed patient‐specific drill guides
OBJECTIVE: To determine a flexed position for radiographic diagnosis of atlantoaxial instability (AAI) and to identify radiographic measurement cutoffs to differentiate affected dogs from neurologically healthy toy breeds.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series and prospective case controls.
OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term outcome of nine dogs treated for caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (CCSM) with surgical spinal fusion.
STUDY DESIGN: Short case series.
ANIMALS: Nine large-breed dogs.
Decompressive surgery for treatment of a dorsal compressive atlantoaxial band causing nonambulatory tetraparesis in three toy-breed dogs
CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 toy-breed dogs (a 5-year-old Pomeranian, a 12-year-old Pomeranian, and a 13-year-old Yorkshire Terrier) were evaluated because of a sudden onset of nonambulatory tetraparesis.
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful treatment of intervertebral disc protrusion with minimally invasive microsurgery in a large breed dog.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case report.
BACKGROUND: In human medicine, fractures of the second cervical vertebra have been studied elaborately and categorized in detail. This is not the case in veterinary medicine where clinical decisions are often based on old studies focusing on the cervical spine in general.
Evaluation of intervertebral disc regeneration with injection of mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in PEGDA-microcryogel delivery system using quantitative T2 mapping: a study in canines
Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD), the primary cause of low back pain, is still a great challenge to spinal surgeons and clinicians. T2 mapping, a biochemical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to calculate relaxation time, has the potential to offer a quantitative assessment of IDD.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the regenerative effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) encapsulated in PEGDA-microcryogels (PMs) reinforced alginate hydrogel (AH) on the degenerative intervertebral disc (IVD) in a canine model using T2 mapping.
Clinical application of 3D printing technology to the surgical treatment of atlantoaxial subluxation in small breed dogs
Atlantoaxial instability (AAI)/subluxation commonly occurs in small breed dogs. Ventral stabilization techniques using screws and/or pins and a plate or, more commonly, polymethylmethacrylate are considered to provide the most favorable outcome. However, the implantation of screws of sufficient sizes for long-term stability becomes challenging in toy breed dogs (e.g.
Ex vivo computed tomography evaluation of loading position on morphometry of the caudal cervical intervertebral disk spaces of dogs
OBJECTIVE To provide an objective, quantitative morphometric description of the caudal cervical intervertebral disk (IVD) spaces of dogs.
SAMPLE Vertebral specimens consisting of C4 through C7 from 5 medium-sized dogs.
Clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, and outcome in 6 cats with lumbar degenerative intervertebral disc extrusion treated with hemilaminectomy.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, and outcome of cats treated with hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disc extrusion (IVDE).