Shoulder

Authors: Barnes DM.
Journal: JSAP

A three-year-old male greyhound was presented with acute onset right forelimb lameness because of medial displacement of the biceps tendon of origin. Ultrasonographic examination confirmed the diagnosis, and a concomitant partial tear of the medial glenohumeral ligament was detected during arthroscopy. To stabilise the biceps tendon, polypropylene mesh was fixed across the intertubercular groove to replace the torn transverse humeral retinaculum. Recovery was uneventful and lameness resolved.

Authors: Maddox TW, May C, Keeley BJ, McConnell JF.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound

Computed tomography (CT) is an established technique for detecting shoulder lesions in dogs, however the clinical significance of shoulder CT lesions often remains uncertain. The purposes of this retrospective study were to describe the prevalence of CT lesions in both shoulder joints for 89 dogs presenting with thoracic limb lameness and to compare CT lesions with clinical characteristics. For all included dogs, results of a full orthopedic examination, other diagnostic tests, and signalment data were available in medical records.

Authors: Van Vynckt D, Verhoeven G, Samoy Y, Polis I, van Bree H, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To evaluate the use of intra-articular anaesthesia combined with positive contrast arthrography (collectively called 'anaesthetic arthrography' [AA]) in the shoulder in order to identify and confirm the source of pain in lame dogs. Methods: Anaesthetic arthrography was performed in 30 dogs with shoulder joint lameness with a mixture of contrast medium (iohexol: 240 mg I/ml) and a local anaesthetic (mepivacaine 2%: 20 mg/ml). The effect of intra-articular anaesthesia was evaluated by an objectified visual scoring system and the arthrograms were evaluated for their diagnostic value.

Category: Imaging - Shoulder
Authors: Orellana-James NG, Ginja MM, Regueiro M, Oliveira P, Gama A, Rodriguez-Altonaga JA, Gonzalo-Orden JM.
Journal: JSAP

A six-year-old, 30-kg female German pointer dog was presented for examination with a history of pre-existing right-forelimb lameness and more recent (3 months) persistent lameness in the left-forelimb. Physical examination revealed mild left-forelimb lameness and a mild circumduction movement. There were no signs of pain or crepitation detected during manipulation of the shoulders, but the animal was unable to fully flex both glenohumeral joints.

Category: Imaging - Shoulder
Authors: Franklin SP, Devitt CM, Ogawa J, Ridge P, Cook JL.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To describe demographic factors, treatments, and outcomes associated with shoulder instability in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Multi-center, retrospective cohort study.
ANIMALS:
Dog (n = 130) with shoulder instability.
METHODS:

Authors: Fujita Y, Yamaguchi S, Agnello KA, Muto M.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To assess the effects of arthroscopic transection of the cranial arm of the medial glenohumeral ligament on shoulder stability. Animals: Six adult Beagles. Procedures: After transection, the effects were compared with baseline values by orthopaedic and radiographic examinations, by synovial fluid analysis at two, four, and six weeks, and by arthroscopic evaluation at six weeks.

Category: Shoulder
Authors: Fujita Y, Yamaguchi S, Agnello KA, Muto M.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To assess the effects of arthroscopic transection of the cranial arm of the medial glenohumeral ligament on shoulder stability. Animals: Six adult Beagles. Procedures: After transection, the effects were compared with baseline values by orthopaedic and radiographic examinations, by synovial fluid analysis at two, four, and six weeks, and by arthroscopic evaluation at six weeks.

Category: Shoulder
Authors: Naughton JF, Stewart MC, Ciobanu L, Constable PD.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To assess the ability of a contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to quantitatively determine glycosaminoglycan content in canine articular cartilage. Methods: Fifty-four full-thickness cartilage discs were collected from the femorotibial and scapulohumeral joints of three adult dogs immediately following euthanasia. One set of discs from each dog was analysed for glycosaminoglycan content using a colourimetric laboratory assay.

Authors: De Simone A, Gernone F, Ricciardi M.
Journal: Vet Rad Ultrasound

An 8-month-old intact male English Setter was presented with bilateral shoulder lameness. Radiographic and CT examinations demonstrated bilateral irregular margination and separation of the supraglenoid tubercle from the scapula, with involvement of the cranial articular surface of the glenoid cavity. After 30 days of cage rest, complete fusion of proximal portions of both supraglenoid tubercles and persistent un-united cranial portions of both glenoid cavities were evident.

Category: Imaging - Shoulder
Authors: Abdelhadi J, Wefstaedt P, Galindo-Zamora V, Anders A, Nolte I, Schilling N.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the load redistribution mechanisms in walking and trotting dogs with induced forelimb lameness. Animals-7 healthy adult Beagles. Procedures-Dogs walked and trotted on an instrumented treadmill to determine control values for peak and mean vertical force as well as verticle impulse for all 4 limbs. A small sphere was attached to the ventral pad of the right forelimb paw to induce a reversible lameness, and recordings were repeated for both gaits. Additionally, footfall patterns were assessed to test for changes in temporal gait variables.