Currently, steel implants are used for osteosynthesis of (comminuted) fractures and intra-articular bone defects. These osteosyntheses can sometimes be complicated procedures and can have several drawbacks including stress shielding of the bone. A bone glue might be a safe and effective alternative to current materials. Despite numerous animal studies on bone adhesives, no such material is clinically applied yet.
Fracture Fixation and Implants
Objective: To identify whether a theoretical predictable safe corridor is available in cats for placement of trans-iliac pins without the use of fluoroscopy.
Zürich cementless total hip arthroplasty as a treatment option for capital physeal fractures in dogs: Outcome in 53 cases
Objective: To review the outcome of dogs that underwent Zürich cementless total hip arthroplasty (Z-THA) for the repair of acute and chronic capital physeal fractures (CPF) and document the CPF-related hip remodeling.
Study design: Retrospective study.
Sample population: Fifty-three Z-THA in 53 dogs.
An experimental study on stress-shielding effects of locked compression plates in fixing intact dog femur
Background: In orthopedic application, stress-shielding effects of implant materials cause bone loss, which often induces porosis, delayed bone healing, and other complications. We aimed to compare the stress-shielding effects of locked compression plate (LCP) and limited-contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) in dogs with plate-fixed femurs.
3D-printed, bioactive ceramic scaffold with rhBMP-2 in treating critical femoral bone defects in rabbits using the induced membrane technique
Although autogenous bone grafts are an optimal filling material for the induced membrane technique, limited availability and complications at the harvest site have created a need for alternative graft materials.
Preventing Staphylococcus aureus stainless steel-associated infections in orthopaedics. A systematic review and meta-analysis of animal literature
Surgical site infection in the presence oforthopaedic implantsposes a significant healthcare and socio-economic burden. In order to assess the potential of various prevention strategies against Staphylococcus-induced stainless steel-associated infections, a review of animal evidencewas designed.
Clinical application of the small I-Loc interlocking nail in 30 feline fractures: A prospective study
Objective: To describe medium-term functional outcome after nail osteosynthesis in feline traumatology and report clinically relevant recommendations for I-Loc angle-stable interlocking nail use in cats.
Study design: Prospective clinical study.
Sample population: Client-owned cats (n = 29).
The interface between a surgical implant and tissue consists of a complex and dynamic environment characterized by mechanical and biological interactions between the implant and surrounding tissue.
Staphylococcal infection prevention using antibiotic-loaded mannitol-chitosan paste in a rabbit model of implant-associated osteomyelitis
Antibiotic-loaded chitosan pastes have shown advantages in the treatment and coverage of complex musculoskeletal defects. We added mannitol, previously shown to increase antibiotic susceptibility of biofilm, to an injectable chitosan/polyethylene glycol paste for delivery of antibiotics.
Calcium sulfate antibiotic-impregnated bead implantation for deep surgical site infection associated with orthopedic surgery in small animals
Objective: To report the outcomes and complications associated with antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulfate beads for prevention and treatment of orthopedic-related surgical site infection (SSI) in companion animals.
Study design: Retrospective case series.
Animals: Client-owned cats (n = 2) and dogs (n = 14).