Distal Extremities

Authors: Fitzpatrick N, Sajik D, Farrell M.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To describe the surgical technique for pantarsal arthrodesis (PTA) in cats according to the principles of percutaneous plate arthrodesis with application of a pre-contoured dorsal plate, without external coaptation and to report the long-term clinical outcome. Materials and methods: Retrospective review was performed of all cats treated by percutaneous plate application using a new pre-contoured dorsal plate for PTA between 2008 and 2011. Inclusion criteria were clinical and radiographic records plus clinical follow-up to at least six weeks.

Authors: Ellison M, Kobayashi H, Delaney F, Danielson K, Vanderby R Jr, Muir P, Forrest LJ.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound

B-mode ultrasound is an established imaging modality for evaluating canine tendon injury. However, full extent of tendon injury often remains difficult to estimate, as small changes in sonographic appearance are associated with large changes in biomechanical strength. The acoustoelastic strain gauge (ASG) is an ultrasound-based tissue evaluation technique that relates the change in echo intensity observed during relaxation or stretching of tendons to the tissue's mechanical properties.

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Gasch EG, Rivier P, Bardet JF.
Journal: Can Vet J

This report describes the use of a non-vascularized proximal cortical autograft from the ipsilateral ulna in limb-sparing surgery for the treatment of distal radial osteosarcoma. A pancarpal arthrodesis was performed to stabilize the site. Construct failure and probable local tumor recurrence were observed. The total survival time was 282 days.

Authors: Aiken MJ, Stewart JE, Anderson AA.
Journal: JSAP

An eight-year-old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier was presented for investigation of right forelimb lameness of 14 months' duration. Radiography showed mottled osteolysis of the right radial carpal bone. Histopathology of the bone demonstrated replacement of healthy bone with granulation tissue suggestive of ischaemic necrosis. Lameness resolved following pancarpal arthrodesis. In humans, Preiser's disease is a condition in which idiopathic ischaemic necrosis of the scaphoid bone, the equivalent of the canine radial carpal bone, occurs.

Authors: Aiken MJ, Stewart JE, Anderson AA.
Journal: JSAP

An eight-year-old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier was presented for investigation of right forelimb lameness of 14 months' duration. Radiography showed mottled osteolysis of the right radial carpal bone. Histopathology of the bone demonstrated replacement of healthy bone with granulation tissue suggestive of ischaemic necrosis. Lameness resolved following pancarpal arthrodesis. In humans, Preiser's disease is a condition in which idiopathic ischaemic necrosis of the scaphoid bone, the equivalent of the canine radial carpal bone, occurs.

Authors: Garofolo S, Pozzi A.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To (1) evaluate the normal extraosseous blood supply of the cranial aspect of the canine radius and (2) to compare the effects of minimally invasive (MIPO) and open plating technique on its preservation.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental cadaveric study.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Adult canine thoracic limbs (n = 36) obtained from cadavers weighing 25-35 kg.
METHODS:

Authors: Dingemanse WB, Van Bree HJ, Duchateau L, Gielen IM.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate clinical and subchondral bone lesion differences between medial (MTRT-OC) and lateral trochlear ridge tarsocruralosteochondrosis (LTRT-OC).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 66) with MTRT-OC or LTRT-OC.
METHODS: