Arthroscopy

Authors: NOEL FITZPATRICK, MVB, CertSAO, CertVR 1 , THOMAS J. SMITH, MA, VetMB, CertSAS 1 , RICHARD B. EVANS, PhD 1 , and RUSSELL YEADON, MA VetMB 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To report clinical, radiographic, and arthroscopic findings in dogs with thoracic limb lameness attributed solely to disease of the medial aspect of the coronoid process (MCP).
Study Design—Case series.
Animals—Dogs (n=263) with MCP disease (MCD; 437 elbows).

Authors: JAMES L. COOK, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS 1 and CRISTI R. COOK, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVR 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Characterize clinical findings and outcomes in dogs with forelimb lameness.
Study Design—Prospective case series.
Animals—Dogs (n=19) with forelimb lameness.
Methods—Dogs were included when lameness was attributed to shoulder and/or elbow pathology with informed consent for bilateral shoulder and elbow arthroscopy. Historical, clinical examination and diagnostic imaging findings were recorded. Localization of lameness was determined and subjective arthroscopic assessment of shoulders and elbows performed. Outcomes were subjectively assessed by owner survey.

Authors: Ertelt J, Fehr M.
Journal: VCOT

The goal of this study was to evaluate different minimally invasive surgical options as therapy for cranial cruciate ligament rupture and resulting meniscal injuries. In this study, 81 stifle joints of dogs with complete or partial rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament were treated with minimally invasive surgery at the Small Animal Clinic of the University of Veterinary Medicine in Hannover. The patients were divided into three groups depending on intraoperative diagnosis and the surgical technique applied.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee
Authors: ANTONIO POZZI, DMV, MS, Diplomate ACVS 1 , BLAKE EASON HILDRETH, III, DVM 1 , and PAIVI J. RAJALA-SCHULTZ, DVM, PhD 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT Objective—To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of arthroscopy and arthrotomy for diagnosis of medial meniscal pathology and to evaluate the diagnostic value of medial meniscal probing. Study Design—Ex vivo study. Animals—Cadaveric canine stifle joints (n=30). Methods—Stifle joints were assigned to either a cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficient or intact group. Within each stifle joint, no medial meniscal tear, a peripheral detachment, or 1 of 3 variants of vertical longitudinal tears of the medial meniscus were created.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee
Authors: Case JB, Hulse D, Kerwin SC, Peycke LE.
Journal: VCOT

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical signs, arthroscopic findings, and outcome in a group of dogs undergoing second look arthroscopy for the treatment of meniscal tears following original surgery to correct a CCL deficient stifle joint. METHODS: The medical records of 26 dogs from the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Texas A&M University and the Veterinary Orthopedic Center (Round Rock, Texas) that had second look arthroscopy for lameness following an original surgical procedure were reviewed.

Authors: Moores AP, Benigni L, Lamb CR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between computed tomography (CT) and arthroscopy in dogs with elbow dysplasia lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine elbows (n=101) investigated by CT and arthroscopy. METHODS: CT scans were reviewed for 10 predetermined CT signs and graded for osteophyte size. Surgical reports were reviewed for specific disease features and cartilage erosion grades.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: J. Miller1, B. Beale2
Journal: VCOT

The objective of this retrospective article was to describe the use of, and to determine long-term outcome of, tibiotarsal arthroscopy in dogs. The medical records of 20 client-owned dogs with tibiotarsal joint disease with arthroscopic treatment were reviewed. Long-term follow- up evaluation of lameness, force plate gait analysis, and radiographs to assess progression of degenerative joint disease (DJD) were performed.

Category: Arthritis - Arthroscopy - Hock
Authors: R. B. Evans1, W. J. Gordon-Evans1, M. G. Conzemius2
Journal: VCOT

The objective of this review and analysis was to compare arthroscopy, medial arthrotomy and medical management for treating fragmented coronoid process in the dog. The data come from manuscripts published in peer-reviewed veterinary journals, and the study design is a systematic review followed by meta-analysis. The meta-analysis combines data from a set of studies so that surgical techniques and medial management can be compared in a single analysis.