Podiatry

Authors: B. Toholj, M. Cincović, M. Stevančević, J. Spasojevic, V. Ivetić, A. Potkonjak
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The aim of this research was to investigate the correlation between the thickness of solar soft tissue (SST; i.e. the corium and subcutaneous tissue) in early lactation and sole ulcer formation in late lactation. Fifty Holstein–Friesian cows were examined three times: (1) 30 days after calving (locomotion scoring, trimming, claw examination, measurement of SST); (2) 70 days after calving (locomotion scoring); and (3) 180 days after calving (locomotion scoring, trimming, claw examination).

Category: Imaging - Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: M. Alsaaod, C. Syring, J. Dietrich, M.G. Doherr, T. Gujan, A. Steiner
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

Infrared thermography (IRT) was used to detect digital dermatitis (DD) prior to routine claw trimming. A total of 1192 IRT observations were collected from 149 cows on eight farms. All cows were housed in tie-stalls. The maximal surface temperatures of the coronary band (CB) region and skin (S) of the fore and rear feet (mean value of the maximal surface temperatures of both digits for each foot separately, CBmax and Smax) were assessed.

Category: Lameness - Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: H. Strobel, M. Lauseker, A. B. Forbes
Journal: The Veterinary Record

A study on parenteral antibiotic treatment in sheep footrot was conducted on 10 farms in southern Germany to obtain information on the efficacy of gamithromycin under practical use conditions compared with a positive control. On each farm, 20 (10 on one farm) lame sheep were clinically evaluated and divided into two groups. On day 1, sheep were treated once according to group with either long-acting oxytetracycline (OTC) at 20 mg/kg bodyweight or gamithromycin at 6 mg/kg; clinical responses were assessed 21 days later.

Category: Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: R. Labens, W.R. Redding, K.K. Desai, K. Vom Orde, R.A. Mansmann, A.T. Blikslager
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

Assessment of equine foot conformation is often based on linear and angular measurements performed on lateral digital photographs. However, quantification of external foot conformation requires more comprehensive assessments to capture the shape of the entire foot. Volumetric measurements of the hoof capsule represent a summary measure quantifying foot shape. The aim of this study was to develop a method for computation of virtual foot models from digital foot images allowing precise and accurate volumetric measurements.

Category: Equine - Imaging - Podiatry
Authors: B. Spaak, M. C. V. van Heel and W. Back
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Summary
Reasons for performing study

It was shown that rolled-toe shoes smooth hoof-unrollment and thereby reduce peak loading of forelimbs in trotting Warmblood horses. Shoe design and shoeing technique for hind feet have been modified over recent decades from fully fitted, toe-clipped shoes to set-back, side-clipped shoes.
Objectives

To study the effects of different shoe modifications on loading and movement of the hind hoof.
Methods

Category: Equine - Podiatry
Authors: M. Biggi, T. Blunden, S. Dyson
Journal: Equine Veterinary Education
Category: Case study - Equine - Podiatry
Authors: Johanna Becker, Martin Reist, Katharina Friedli, Dirk Strabel, Marianne Wüthrich, Adrian Steiner
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The attitudes of bovine practitioners, claw-trimmers and farmers towards painful therapeutic claw-trimming of dairy cattle were surveyed and differences between the respondents were assessed. A total of 77 farmers and 32 claw-trimmers were interviewed, and 137 bovine practitioners completed an equivalent online survey. No veterinary consultation for common painful interventions in the feet of cattle was reported by 52% of farmers (i.e. procedures in these herds were performed without local anaesthesia).

Category: Podiatry - Ruminant
Authors: Kate Holroyd, Jonathon J. Dixon, Tim Mair, Nick Bolas, David M. Bolt, Frederic David, Renate Weller
Journal: Veterinary Journal

Foot conformation in the horse is commonly thought to be associated with lameness but scientific evidence is scarce although it has been shown in biomechanical studies that foot conformation does influence the forces acting on the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and the navicular bone (NB). The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between foot conformation and different types of lesion within the foot in lame horses. It was hypothesised that certain conformation parameters differ significantly between different types of foot lesions.

Category: Equine - Lameness - Podiatry
Authors: BA Hampson, MA de Laat, PC Mills, DM Walsh and CC Pollitt
Journal: Australian Veterinary Journal

Background
It has been proposed that the feral horse foot is a benchmark model for foot health in horses. However, the foot health of feral horses has not been formally investigated.
Objectives
To investigate the foot health of Australian feral horses and determine if foot health is affected by environmental factors, such as substrate properties and distance travelled.
Methods

Category: Equine - Podiatry
Authors: BA Hampson, MA de Laat, PC Mills and CC Pollitt
Journal: Australian Veterinary Journal

Aim
To better understand the morphology of, and the effect of different travel patterns and varying substrate environments on, the feral horse foot to better manage the feet of domestic horses.
Methods
The left forefeet of 20 adult feral horses from each of five geographically separated populations in Australia (n = 100) were investigated. Populations were selected on the basis of substrate hardness under foot and the amount of travel typical for the population. Feet were radiographed and photographed and 40 morphometric measurements of each foot were obtained.
Results

Category: Equine - Podiatry