Miscellaneous

Authors: Wendy Pearson, PhD; Michael W. Orth, PhD; Michael I. Lindinger, PhD
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To evaluate inflammatory responses induced via intra-articular recombinant human interleukin (IL)-1β treatment in horses receiving a dietary nutraceutical (DN; composed of mussel, shark cartilage, abalone, and Biota orientalis lipid extract) and assess the clinical effects of long-term DN administration.

Animals—22 healthy horses.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Allison A. Stewart, DVM, MS; Jennifer G. Barrett, DVM, PhD; Christopher R. Byron, DVM, MS; Angela C. Yates, DVM, MS; Sushmitha S. Durgam, BVSc; Richard B. Evans, PhD; Matthew C. Stewart, BVSc, PhD
Journal: American journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To compare viability and biosynthetic capacities of cells isolated from equine tendon, muscle, and bone marrow grown on autogenous tendon matrix.

Sample Population—Cells from 4 young adult horses.

Procedures—Cells were isolated, expanded, and cultured on autogenous cell-free tendon matrix for 7 days. Samples were analyzed for cell viability, proteoglycan synthesis, collagen synthesis, and mRNA expression of collagen type I, collagen type III, and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP).

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Stacey Oke
Journal: Compendium Equine

Oral joint health supplements are popular in the equine industry despite, in many cases, a lack of understanding of the chemistry, pharmacology (particularly safety), and appropriate dosages of these products among owners and trainers. The most popular ingredients include glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate, and methylsulfonylmethane; however, a multitude of alternative supplements, including cetyl myristoleate, hyaluronic acid, ester-C, devil’s claw, yucca, garlic, and avocado/soybean unsaponifiable extracts, are also widely available.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: J. Thomas, BPharm, MPharmSc, C. Narkowicz, BSc, PhD, G. M. Peterson, BPharm, PhD, MBA, FSHP, FACP, AACPA, MPS, G. A. Jacobson, BPharm, PhD and A. Narayana, BPharm, MPharm, PhD, MPS
Journal: Veterinary Record

The efficacy of an ointment containing kunzea oil for the treatment of horses with localised acute or chronic pastern dermatitis was assessed. Thirty-seven horses were randomly allocated to treatment with an ointment containing either 20 per cent kunzea oil (test) or 2 per cent ketoconazole (control). Only 21 of the horses completed the study. The severity of the lesions was assessed before and after seven days of treatment.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Alexandra J. Burton, BVSc; Daryl V. Nydam, DVM, PhD; Theresa L. Ollivett, DVM; Thomas J. Divers, DVM, DACVIM
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To evaluate clinical variables assessed during the first 24 hours of hospitalization as prognostic indicators for nonambulatory cattle treated by use of a flotation tank.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—51 nonambulatory cattle that underwent flotation treatment.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Bianca Patan, Dr med vet; Klaus-Dieter Budras, Prof Dr med vet; Theresia F. Licka, Dr med vet
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To establish an ex vivo model of blood perfusion in the distal portion of isolated equine forelimbs that closely represents the in vivo situation in the laminar tissue of the hoof.

Sample Population—18 forelimbs collected from 9 healthy adult horses following slaughter at a licensed abattoir.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Pierre-Yves Mulon, DMV, DACVS; Marie Babkine, DMV, MS; Marc-André d'Anjou, DMV, DACVR; Christiane Girard, DMV, DACVP; André Desrochers, DMV, MS, DACVS
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To evaluate the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome associated with distal interphalangeal joint (DIJ) degenerative disease in calves. Design—Retrospective case series. Animals—9 calves with degenerative disease of the DIJ. Procedures—Medical records of calves with lameness for which the cause had been localized to the distal aspect of a limb but without evidence of trauma or sepsis were included. Signalment and results of physical, lameness, radiographic, and postmortem examinations were recorded. Outcomes of medical and surgical treatments were evaluated.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: B. J. Keeley; B. Heidari; N. J. Mahony; S. M. Rackard; F. J. O’Brien, T. C. Lee, O. Brennan; O. D. Kennedy; D. FitzPatrick
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

The pin-bone interface is the least stable component of the external skeletal fixator. Concerns exist regarding the ability to obtain adequate implant purchase in poor quality bone. Consequently, reduced bone quality has been viewed as a contra-indication for the use of external skeletal fixators. The aim of this study was to investigate the holding power of two different fixator pin designs in bone from entire and ovariectomised sheep. Thirty-two aged ewes were divided into two groups. Group 1 were controls, and Group 2 were ovariectomised (OVX).

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Fern Tablin, VMD, PhD; Naomi J. Walker, BA; Sara E. Hogle, DVM; Suzanne M. Pratt, DVM; Jeffrey W. Norris, PhD
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To determine whether platelet growth factors are preserved in supernatants obtained from rehydrated trehalose-stabilized, freeze-dried (lyophilized) equine platelets and whether those growth factors stimulate fibroblast proliferation and migration and enhance fibroblast-associated contraction in a collagen gel assay. Animals—6 clinically normal adult horses. Procedures—Blood samples were obtained from 6 horses, and washed platelets were prepared via differential centrifugation.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: M. Kujala, DVM, M. Pastell, PhD and T. Soveri, DVM, PhD
Journal: Veterinary Record

Force sensors were used to detect lameness in dairy cows in two trials. In the first trial, leg weights were recorded during approximately 12,000 milkings with balances built into the floor of the milking robot. Cows that put less weight on one leg or kicked frequently during milking were checked first with a locomotion scoring system and then with a clinical inspection.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant