Authors: Caroline De Vlamynck, Lieven Vlaminck, Stijn Hauspie, Jimmy Saunders, Frank Gasthuys
Journal: The Veterinary Journal

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of a femoral nerve block via a dorsal paralumbar injection in healthy calves and calves suffering from spastic paresis. Based on bony landmarks and using ultrasound guidance, the femoral nerves of eight healthy calves were blocked bilaterally with a 4% procaine solution containing blue dye. In 11/16 nerve blocks, paralysis of the quadriceps muscle was obtained after dorsal paralumbar injection. Paralysis was total in 8/16 cases.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Caroline A. De Vlamynck, DVM; Frederik Pille, DVM, PhD; Stijn Hauspie, DVM; Jimmy H. Saunders, DVM, PhD; Yves Van der Stede, DVM, PhD; Frank Gasthuys, DVM, PhD; Lieven E. M. Vlaminck, DVM, PhD
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To develop a practical ultrasonography-guided injection approach to anesthetic blockade of the femoral nerve in calves and to assess the method's accuracy.

Animals—13 cadavers of 4-week-old male Holstein Friesian calves.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Andrew J. Niehaus, DVM; David E. Anderson, DVM, MS; Jed K. Johnson, BS; John J. Lannutti, PhD
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To compare the mechanical characteristics of polymerized caprolactam and monofilament nylon loops with those of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in cattle.

Sample—6 femorotibial joints harvested from 3 cows and suture constructs made from No. 8 polymerized caprolactam, 80-lb test monofilament nylon fishing line, and 450-lb test monofilament nylon fishing line.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: Stacy A. Semevolos, Shannon K. Reed, Loren G. Schultz
Journal: American Journal of Veterinary Research

Objective—To characterize serum trace mineral, sex steroid hormone, and vitamin D concentrations and identify factors associated with metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal hyperextension in llamas and alpacas.

Samples—Serum samples from 79 llamas and 15 alpacas and owner survey data for 573 llamas and 399 alpacas.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: I. Roquet, S. Hendrick, J. L. Carmalt
Journal: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Objective: Based on a systemic complete blood count and a synovial fluid sample, to develop a mathematical model enabling the approximation of corrected values for synovial fluid white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil percentage, and total protein concentration in samples of synovial fluid that were contaminated by blood. Methods: Peripheral venous blood and synovial fluid samples were obtained from ten horses.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Stephanie A. Preston, Murray P. Brown, Troy N. Trumble, Terese L. Chmielewski, Dana N. Zimmel, Jorge A. Hernandez
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To determine the effects of various presale radiographic findings for Thoroughbreds sold at a yearling sale on 2-year-old racing performance of those horses.

Animals—397 Thoroughbreds.

Design—Cohort study.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: Stephanie A. Preston, Murray P. Brown, Terese L. Chmielewski, Troy N. Trumble, Dana N. Zimmel, Jorge A. Hernandez
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To determine the effects of yearling sale purchase price, exercise history, lameness, and athletic performance (speed) on purchase price of 2-year-old in-training Thoroughbreds and to compare the distance exercised within 60 days prior to 2-year-old in-training sales between horses with high yearling sale purchase prices versus those with low yearling sale purchase prices and between horses with lameness during training and those without lameness during training.

Design—Prospective study.

Animals—51 Thoroughbreds.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: O. M. Lepage, A. Doumbia, M. F. Perron-Lepage and M. Gangl
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal


Reasons for performing study: Maggot debridement therapy is a long-established tool to promote wound healing.

Objectives: To describe and assess the results of this technique in equids with various lesions.

Methods: Retrospective analysis performed on cases in which, depending on clinical case, type, size and location of the wound, maggots were applied either in direct or indirect contact with the wound.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous
Authors: F. Rüegsegger, F. Steffen, K. A. Nuss
Journal: Veterinary Record

Partial brachial plexus paresis was diagnosed in three calves with unilateral functional lameness in a forelimb based on clinical and neurologic examinations. Clinical signs of radial nerve paresis were the main presenting problems. Electromyography was used to identify the affected nerves with the calves under general anaesthesia. Abnormal spontaneous activity of denervated muscles showed that the radial, musculocutaneous, median and ulnar nerves were compromised. The calves were treated medically, using splint bandages, and with physiotherapy.

Category: Miscellaneous - Ruminant
Authors: C Kwan, R Bell, T Koenig, A Bischofberger, N Horadagoda, NR Perkins, LB Jeffcott, AJ Dart
Journal: Australian Veterinary Journal

Evaluate synovial fluid cytology, total protein concentration and viscosity after intra-articular administration of combined pentosan polysulfate and glucosamine in horses.

Category: Equine - Miscellaneous