Humeral Condylar Fractures in French Bulldogs: Prevalence of Contralateral Intracondylar Fissure, Treatment, and Outcome

Paula Lopez de la Oliva, Luke Arnott, Leonor Roses, William Marshall, Davinia Arnott
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2024 Apr 16. doi: 10.1055/s-0044-1785446.

Objective: The aim of this study was to report (1) the prevalence of contralateral humeral intracondylar GAP/HIF (HIF) in French Bulldogs with humeral condylar fractures (HCF) and (2) treatment and short- and long-term outcome in French Bulldogs with HCF.

Materials and methods: Medical records of French Bulldogs treated surgically for HCF between January 2011 and November 2022 were reviewed. Perioperative imaging, surgical technique, complications, and long-term outcome were assessed.

Results: Eighty-nine dogs with HCF were included and 36/89 were diagnosed with HIF. Surgical repair was performed in all HCF and a prophylactic transcondylar screw was placed in 20/36 HIF. For prophylactic transcondylar screw placement, two dogs required immediate revision surgery. Complications occurred in 12/89 HCF, and there were major complications in 6/89 HCF. Long-term outcome evaluated by owner questionnaire (n = 27) was rated as being excellent in 18/27 dogs, good in 8/27 dogs, and fair in 1/27 dogs.

Clinical significance: Forty percent of French Bulldogs with HCF had a contralateral HIF. HIF as a cause of HCF should be considered in the French Bulldog, and a computed tomography (CT) scan of both elbows may be advisable prior to HCF repair. The complication rate of HCF surgery in the French Bulldog is significant.