Evaluation and comparison of postoperative analgesic effects of dexketoprofen and methadone in dogs

Vet Anaesth Analg. 2018 Aug 11. pii: S1467-2987(18)30185-5. [Epub ahead of print]

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of dexketoprofen and methadone using a noninferiority trial, during the first 24 postoperative hours in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded clinical study.

ANIMALS: A total of 38 healthy dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery.

METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine [1 μg kg-1 intravenously (IV)] followed by dexketoprofen (1 mg kg-1 IV; group DK) or methadone (0.2 mg kg-1 IV; group M). Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane in 60% oxygen. Postoperatively, dexketoprofen was administered every 8 hours (group DK) and methadone every 4 hours (group M). Analgesia was assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 18 and 24 hours after extubation using a dynamic and interactive visual analogue scale (DIVAS), the short form of the Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS-SF), mechanical wound thresholds (MWTs) and plasma cortisol levels. If CMPS-SF score was ≥5, rescue analgesia was administered. Data were analysed using a general linear mixed model, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-squared test as appropriate; a p value <0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS: The CMPS-SF and DIVAS scores were significantly higher in group M compared with group DK and remained higher for a longer period in group M, although the differences were not clinically significant. No significant differences were found in MWT assessment between groups. Plasma cortisol level significantly increased 2 hours after extubation, without significant differences between treatments. Rescue analgesia was administered to three animals (one in group DK; two in group M).

CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: We conclude that 1 mg kg-1 IV dexketoprofen administered every 8 hours during the first 24 hours postoperatively is noninferior to methadone in controlling pain after orthopaedic surgery in dog, although frequent pain assessments are recommended to adjust the analgesia plan.

Small animal: