Combined Surgical, Radiation, and Medical Therapies for Osteochondrodysplasia in a Scottish Fold Cat

Authors: 
Tetsuya Nakajo, Yukihiro Fujita, Tom Ichinohe, Takuya Maruo
J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. May/Jun 2020;56(3):175. doi: 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-6980.

Osteochondrodysplasia affects both homozygous and heterozygous Scottish Fold cats, and various treatments have been attempted to control chronic pain and improve mobility in these animals. However, to date, there is no single effective treatment that can be used to treat all cats with Scottish Fold osteochondrodysplasia (SFOCD).

A 4 yr old castrated Scottish Fold cat presented with plantar exostoses in the right hindlimb, the largest of which was caudal to the tarsometatarsal joint and had stretched the overlying skin, causing ulceration and bleeding. There was right hindlimb lameness. The cat was diagnosed with SFOCD, and the skin lesions were treated by excision of the exostoses, removal of the damaged skin, and wound closure. All extremities were treated with radiotherapy and subcutaneous pentosan polysulfate for chronic pain.

The cat's gait improved after surgery, and increased activity was noted after radiotherapy. There were no signs of excessive bone proliferation or adverse effects at 80 wk postoperatively.

In conclusion, a combination of surgical, radiation, and medical therapies could be an effective treatment strategy for SFOCD with skin ulceration.

Small animal: