Knee

Current research indicates that exogenous stem cells may accelerate reparative processes in joint disease but, no previous studies have evaluated whether bone marrow cells (BMCs) target the injured cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in dogs. The objective of this study was to investigate engraftment of BMCs following intra-articular injection in dogs with spontaneous CCL injury. Autologous PKH26-labelled BMCs were injected into the stifle joint of eight client-owned dogs with CCL rupture.

OBJECTIVE: To compare accuracy of a noninvasive single-plane fluoroscopic analysis technique with radiostereometric analysis (RSA) for determining 3-D femorotibial poses in a canine cadaver stifle joint treated by tibial-plateau-leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

SAMPLE: Left pelvic limb from a 25-kg adult mixed-breed dog.

Category: Imaging - Knee


OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of regional anaesthesia and opioid administration on adrenocortical and glycaemic responses, postoperative pain and recovery quality in dogs undergoing stifle surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded clinical study.

ANIMALS: Forty-five dogs anaesthetized for tibial tuberosity advancement or tibial plateau levelling osteotomy, and 15 healthy dogs undergoing non-invasive orthopaedic diagnostic procedures.

Category: Anesthesia - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the best combination of isometric points with the best kinematic results between two different approaches of TightRope® cranial cruciate ligament reconstruction.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cranial drawer, cranial tibial thrust, internal/external, range of motion and varus/valgus tests were passively performed in different stifle conditions: cranial cruciate ligament-intact/deficient, after F2-T2/F2-T3 TR reconstruction at 22-44-99 N of tension. Data were acquired by a custom-made navigation system.

The medical records of cats receiving surgical treatment for unilateral patellar ligament rupture between 1999 and 2012 at 12 referral centres in the UK and Ireland were reviewed. Seven cases were identified: six were caused by trauma and one was iatrogenic, occurring as a complication following surgical stabilisation of a tibial fracture.

OBJECTIVE: To (1) describe a modified technique for tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture and (2) report short term outcome and complications.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: Dogs with unilateral CCL rupture (n = 50).

METHODS: TTA was performed with a novel implant to achieve advancement of the tibial crest. The technical protocol, specific implants and instrumentation, and the short term outcome are described.

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively identify factors that predispose to tibial tuberosity (TT) fracture after tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) in dogs.

Category: Knee

The goal of this study was to retrospectively investigate the effect of incisional closure with either stainless steel skin staples or intradermal poliglecaprone 25 on the prevalence of surgical site infection following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy in dogs.

Category: Knee

The objective was to review surgical techniques and postoperative complications of surgical correction for patellar luxation (PL) in cats. A retrospective study evaluating 85 surgeries in 71 cats was performed. The records from four referral centres were searched for cats with surgical management of PL. Signalment, history, PL grade and direction, corrective surgical techniques and outcome were retrieved. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to interrogate relationships between case features, surgical correction methods and outcomes.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors related to meniscal pathology and their effect on clinical outcome in dogs treated for cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 163) with CCL disease (n = 223 stifles).