Knee

OBJECTIVE: To compare early postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing unilateral tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) that received bupivacaine via preoperative femoral nerve block (FNB), combination femoral-sciatic nerve block (F+SNB), or lumbosacral epidural (EPI).

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, prospective clinical trial.

ANIMALS: Forty-five client-owned dogs undergoing unilateral TPLO.

Category: Anesthesia - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a lateral suture placed with bone anchors between quasi-isometric points in a cat is superior to a standard fabella-tibial suture for the stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture compared to an intact stifle joint.

STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical cadaveric study.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVES: To compare the conformation of the proximal tibia evaluated on a medio-lateral radiograph between small and large dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD).

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVES: To compare suture tension on a simulated lateral fabellotibial suture model using various methods of application of tension, fixation, and suture materials.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate the influence of shock wave therapy (SWT) on radiographic evidence of bone healing after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate the patellar ligament to tibial plateau angle (PL-TPA) and amount of achieved advancement in dogs that underwent the modified Maquet procedure; compare wedge sizes recommended using two different planning techniques (Orthomed and modified tibial tuberosity advancement); and evaluate anatomical factors that predict the wedge size required to obtain a 90° PL-TPA.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether doxycycline administered to dogs with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture (Uni-CCLR) would decrease the risk of contralateral-CCLR (Co-CCLR). To evaluate predictors for Co-CCLR survival. To evaluate if a predisposition of Labrador Retrievers to Co-CCLR exists when compared to other breeds.

Category: Knee

This report describes a case of a solitary unicameral patellar bone cyst in a young dog. A five-month-old, male Dobermann Pinscher dog was referred for a 10-day left hindlimb lameness. A mild swelling of the peripatellar soft tissues of the left patella was detected upon physical examination. Signs of pain were elicited upon direct palpation of the patella.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To compare a locking plate (LP) with pin and tension-band wire (pin/TBW) for fixation of mid-patellar transverse fractures.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) on canine biomechanics in the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient stifle using a 3-dimensional quasi-static rigid body pelvic limb computer model simulating the stance phase of gait.

STUDY DESIGN: Computer simulations.

ANIMALS: A 5-year-old neutered male Golden Retriever weighing 33 kg.

Category: Knee