Vcot full paper archive

Fat grafts transplanted into surgically created bone defects inhibit local bone regeneration. This phenomenon is employed to good effect by surgeons.

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Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a condition affecting human adolescents in which there is partial separation of bone fragments from the tibial tuberosity at the site of insertion of the patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity.

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Bone plating has been used as a method of fracture management for many years. Recently, a trend toward the use of fracture fixation techniques which preserve the local fracture environment, known as biological osteosynthesis, has evolved.

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Download the Full Abstract - PDF Spontanous rupture at the distal part of the gastrocnemius tendon (GT) is the second most common nontraumatic tendon injury in dogs, whereas the other strands of the common calcaneal tendon do not seem to have a predisposition to rupture. In order to discover why we investigated the common calcaneal tendons of 63 dogs microscopically and biomechanically.

Download the Full Abstract - PDF The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare patterns of vertebral fractures and luxations in 42 cats and 47 dogs, and to evaluate the impact of species-related differences on clinical outcome. Data regarding aetiology, neurological status, radiographic appearance and follow-up were compared between the groups.The thoracolumbar (Th3-L3) area was the most commonly affected location in both cats (49%) and dogs (58%). No lesions were observed in the cervical vertebral segments in cats, and none of the cats showed any signs of a Schiff-Sherrington syndrome.

During the last half century, the veterinary profession has witnessed an unprecedent growth in expertise and knowlegde in regard to the management of fractures and traumatic injuries in animals, both large and small. As we pause to reflect on this development, we recall with great fondness our memories of the late Wade o. Brinker who was a spark and catalyst for mush of this progress (see memorial in this issue of Vcot starting page xi).

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This in vitro study compares the femorotibial shear in canine stifles with intact and transected cranial cruciate ligaments (CrCL), before and after tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) by measuring the distance between origin and insertion of the cruciate ligaments.

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Distal limb lacerations are common injuries in horses, with a better prognosis reported for extensor tendons lacerations comparted to flexor tendons lacerations. The object of the present study was to determine the influence of type and location of injury, modalities af treatment and post surgical complications on the outcome of extensor tendon lacerations. The medical records of 156 horses surgically treated for extensor tendon lacerations over a 10-year period were analysed retrospectively.

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The medical records of 156 dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLS) that underwent decompressive surgery were reviewed for signalment, history, clinical signs, imaging and surgical findings. The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) was most commonly affected (40/156, 25.6%). Pelvic limb lameness, caudal lumbar pain and pain evoked by lumbosacral pressure were the most frequent clinical findings.

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J. S. Weese

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Surgical site infections are an inherent risk in orthopaedic surgery and many of the infections that develop are likely to be non-preventable. However, a variety of measures can be undertaken to reduce the risk and impact of surgical site infections.

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