Tendon and Ligament Injuries

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a center of rotation of angulation (CORA)-based leveling osteotomy for cranial cruciate ligament injury in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n=70).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to compare the strength of a non-locking pre-manufactured loop (SpeedWhip™ [SW]) suture pattern using Fiberwire® with the three-loop pulley (TLP) suture pattern using polypropylene for the surgical repair of canine calcaneal tendon avulsion injuries.

OBJECTIVE: To determine a long term function of tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) for treatment of ruptured cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in dogs, and to compare this to the long term function of previously reported tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO), extracapsular reconstruction (ECR), and a population of normal dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial.

ANIMALS: Dogs with unilateral ruptured CCL treated with TTA (n = 14), TPLO (n = 15), and ECR (n = 23), and normal adult dogs (control, n = 80).

The objective of this study is to report on the short-term radiographic complications and bone healing associated with single-session bilateral tibial tuberosity advancements (TTAs).

This is a retrospective study evaluating femoral-sciatic nerve blocks (FSBs), epidural analgesia, and non-regional analgesia (NRA) in dogs undergoing tibia-plateau-leveling-osteotomy surgery.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the ability of the Tightrope® (TR) cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) technique, percutaneous lateral fabella suture (pLFS) technique, and normal CCL to control cranial tibial translation (CTT).

STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study.

OBJECTIVE: To report successful surgical repair of a grade IV lateral patellar luxation in a 437-kg heifer.

STUDY DESIGN: Case report.

ANIMAL: Seventeen-month-old Holstein heifer (437 kg).

METHODS: Diagnosis of traumatic lateral patellar luxation was made based on physical examination, and confirmed on radiographs. Arthroscopic examination of the stifle assessed joint changes. Lateral patellar luxation was surgically repaired using lateral release of the patella and medial imbrication of the joint capsule.

OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique utilizing the flexor digitorum lateralis tendon to repair rupture of the common calcaneal tendon with a gap defect.

OBJECTIVE:  To compare the peak vertical force (PVF) and vertical impulse (VI) in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease with or without concurrent meniscal injury.

OBJECTIVES: Chronic degeneration of the gastrocnemius tendon results in scar tissue formation at the insertion of the tendon, and detachment from the calcaneus. In severe cases, excision of this tissue makes repositioning of the tendon to the calcaneus extremely difficult. A polyethylene terephthalate implant, used to aide repair by bridging gaps and allowing tissue ingrowth, was evaluated.